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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 89o 5.00' East  42o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 64,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in the southern foothills of Bogda (5,445 m), 160 km south-east from Urumqi. Ayding Kol is in the Turpan Basin, the lowest area in China and the second lowest depression in the world. The IBA is the hottest and driest area in China, and habitats include desert, oases and salt lakes.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Animals include Meriones spp., Hemiechinus auritus and members of the family Dipodidae.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  2008  1,500 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   -
Shrubland   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ayding Kol. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife