email a friend
printable version
Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 84o 30.00' East  43o 15.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 54,000 ha
Altitude 1,100 - 4,100m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located on the upper Ili River in the central part of the Tian Shan mountains, 280 km south south-east of Yining City and 250 km south south-west of Urumqi. The Kunes River flows through the IBA, which is relatively moist with an annual rainfall of 751.4-955.6 mm. The IBA is a breeding and staging area for birds.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected animals include Panthra uncia, Ursus arctos, Vulpes vulpes, Ovis ammon, Cervus elaphus and Sus scrofa.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni unknown  2008  present  A1  Least Concern 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Yellow-eyed Pigeon Columba eversmanni breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kunes Grassland Nature Reserve 16,400 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Grassland   -

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kunes forest. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife