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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 92o 45.00' East  43o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 98,000 ha
Altitude 1,585 - 4,021m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located on the northern slope of the Tian Shan mountains, 110 km north-west of Hami City and 420 east of Urumqi. Barkol Lake is a salt lake with an area of 140 km2 which is surrounded by marshes and grassland, and there are coniferous forests in the southern part of the IBA. The IBA is a breeding and staging area for birds, and the lake is important for foraging waterbirds.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected species include Equus hemionus, Gazella subgutturosa, Ovis ammon and Panthra uncia.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni unknown  2008  present  A1  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug unknown  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Near Threatened 
Pallas's Gull Larus ichthyaetus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Barkol Lake and grassland. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife