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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 88o 15.00' East  44o 0.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 160,000 ha
Altitude 450 - 5,445m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located the mountainous area of Bogda, Tianshan, on the southern edge of the Junggar Basin, 70 km east of Changji City and 50 km east of Urumqi. The highest peak in the IBA is Bogda Feng at 5,445 m, which is covered by snow all year round. The main habitats include montane grassland, scrub, forest, meadow, snowfields and glaciers. The IBA is in the historical range of Camelus ferus, Equus hemionus, Gazella subgutturosa and Saiga tatarica.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Historical records of Camelus ferus and Saiga tatarica, but they are now locally extinct. Other nationally protected animals include Equus hemionus and Gazella subgutturosa.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tianchi (Xinjiang) Nature Reserve 38,069 protected area contained by site 38,069  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Shrubland   -
Forest   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bogda (Tian Chi). Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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