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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 86o 0.00' East  44o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 125,000 ha
Altitude 350 - 800m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description Located on the northern slope of the Tian Shan mountains, and in the southern part of the Junggar Basin. The main river of the IBA is the Manas, which originates from the central section of the Tian Shan, and the flood plain has fertile soil. The man-made channels, networks of natural rivers and the lakes are important staging areas for migratory birds. The Gurbantünggüt Desert and surrounding areas are within the historical ranges of Camelus ferus, Equus hemionus, Gazella subgutturosa and Saiga tatarica.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greylag Goose Anser anser unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus winter  2008  250-999 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Gadwall Mareca strepera unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos passage  2008  10,000 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos winter  2008  10,000 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Teal Anas crecca unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala unknown  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Great White Egret Ardea alba unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni unknown  2008  present  A1  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallas's Gull Larus ichthyaetus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus passage  2008  10,000 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2008  present  A4iii   

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Other biodiversity Historical records of Equus przewalskii and Saiga tatarica, but they are now locally extinct. Other animals include Equus hemionus and Gazella subgutturosa.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife