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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 81o 10.00' East  44o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 62,000 ha
Altitude 2,072 - 3,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in the western part of the Tian Shan mountains, 80 km south-west of Bole City and 520 km west of Urumqi. Sayram Nur lake is an isolated basin formed by the geological folding of the Tian Shan mountains. The lake area extends 29.5 km from east to west and 23.4 km from north to south, and has an area of 457 km2 and altitude of 2,072 m. The IBA is a breeding and staging site for birds.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected animals include Ursus arctos, Vulpes vulpes, Cervus elaphus, Ovis ammon and Sus scrofa.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Goosander Mergus merganser unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala unknown  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni unknown  2008  present  A1  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  1930-1939  30 individuals  unknown  A1  Vulnerable 
Pallas's Gull Larus ichthyaetus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Forest   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sayram Nur. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife