|Location||China (mainland), Xinjiang|
|Central coordinates||82o 55.00' East 44o 53.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||195 - 300m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Site description Ebi Nur is located in the northern part of the Tian Shan mountains, at the south-western tip of Junggar Basin, 30 km north of Jinghe County, 40 km east of Bole (Bortala) City and 400 km west of Urumqi. There are three rivers flowing into this isolated salt lake. It is the second largest lake in Xinjiang but also quite shallow, with an average depth of 2-3 m, meaning that drought or irrigation could damage the ecosystem and the lake might dry up (like Lop Nor). The IBA is an important stop-over site for migratory birds, and the reedbeds and marshes in the south are important breeding habitats for birds.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Bean Goose Anser fabalis||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Greylag Goose Anser anser||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Mute Swan Cygnus olor||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Mallard Anas platyrhynchos||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity 385 species of arid-zone plants have been recorded in the area, and 117 species of animals including 41 nationally protected species (categories one and two).
Conservation response The IBA overlaps with a nature reserve of 267,085 ha, which was established at the provincial level in 2000, and upgraded to a national nature reserve in 2007.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ebi Nur and Kuytun River. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2013
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