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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 85o 10.00' East  45o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 38,000 ha
Altitude 250 - 400m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in the western part of the Junggar Basin, 300 km north-west of Urumqi. Manas Hu lake in the northern part of the IBA is now dry and has turned into salt marsh. Ailike Hu lake and Urho are important breeding and staging areas for birds.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected animals include Vulpes vulpes and Gazella subgutturosa.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Karamay desert and lakes. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife