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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 87o 20.00' East  47o 15.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 110,000 ha
Altitude 468 - 600m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description Located on the southern slopes of the Altay Mountains, north of the Junggar Basin, 100 km south-west of Altay City and 370 km north of Urumqi. Ulungur Hu has an area of 739 km2 and is the second largest lake in Xinjiang, and it is linked to Jili Hu which has an area of 172 km2. The extensive reedbeds and marshes in the IBA are important breeding and staging areas for birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri unknown  2008  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Mute Swan Cygnus olor unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni unknown  2008  present  A1  Least Concern 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Bustard Otis tarda unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Charadrius alexandrinus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Not Recognised 
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Other biodiversity Nationally protected animals include Vulpes vulpes and Gazella subgutturosa.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife