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Location China (mainland), Inner Mongolia
Central coordinates 116o 18.00' East  44o 8.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 1,078,600 ha
Altitude 950 - 1,500m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in the eastern part of Inner Mongolia Plateau, asnd linked with the lower western part of the Da Hinggan Ling mountains. The main habitat in the IBA is grassland, with sparse woodland and scrub on sand dunes. There are meadows and marshes along the Xilin River and on lake shores.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Procapra gutturosa and Marmota spp. are found in this area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid unknown  2008  15,000 individuals  unknown  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus unknown  1989  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Common Coot Fulica atra unknown  2008  30,000 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
White-naped Crane Antigone vipio unknown  1993  7,000 individuals  unknown  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2008  present  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Xilinguolecaoyuan Nature Reserve 1,078,600 is identical to site 1,078,600  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Xilin Gol Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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