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Location China (mainland), Inner Mongolia
Central coordinates 118o 30.00' East  45o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 1,800,000 ha
Altitude 890 - 1,020m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in Dong Ujimqin Qi of Xilin Gol League, 200 km from Xilinhot and 30 km from the town of Uliastai, on the eastern edge of the Inner Mongolia Plateau. The typical habitat is grassland, where Otis tarda breeds. Ulgai marshes are located along the Ulgai River in the eastern and southern sections of the grassland, and include riverine marshes, lakes and reservoirs.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: The grassland is important habitat for Procapra gutturosa.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-naped Crane Antigone vipio passage  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2008  present  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ulgai. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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