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Location China (mainland), Jilin
Central coordinates 127o 15.00' East  42o 55.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 1,144,710 ha
Altitude 190 - 1,400m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description The main habitats in the nature reserve are coniferous-broadleaf mixed forest, broadleaf deciduous forest and secondary forest. The IBA includes the wetland and open water habitats in the reserve.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: There are records of Panthera tigris altaia, Panthera pardus, Felis lynx, Lutra lutra, Martes zibellina, Ursus arctos, Selenarctos thibetanus and Cervus nippon, but their numbers have declined in recent years.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri breeding  2008  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus resident  2008  5 individuals  unknown  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni unknown  2008  present  A1  Least Concern 
Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis passage  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2008  present  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Songhuajiangsanhu Nature Reserve 1,144,710 protected area contains site 80,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Songhua Hu, Baishan Hu and Hongshi Hu. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife