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Location China (mainland), Jilin
Central coordinates 122o 20.00' East  45o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 105,467 ha
Altitude 156 - 192m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description Xianghai Nature Reserve is located at the western tip of the Songnen Plain, with Inner Mongolia to the west. The reserve has five core areas with a total area of 28,000 ha, which are zoned according to the distribution of the fauna and flora. There are many lowlands and lakes in the area, which are important breeding and staging sites for local and migratory birds, and 220 bird species have been recorded in the IBA.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals include Canis lupus, Vulpes vulpes, Mustela sibirica, Nyctereutes procyonoides, Meles meles and Lepus capensis.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri unknown  2008  present  A1, A4i  Critically Endangered 
Baikal Teal Sibirionetta formosa unknown  2008  present  A1  Least Concern 
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana passage  2008  100 individuals  unknown  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni unknown  2008  present  A1  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Steller's Sea-eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Bustard Otis tarda unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis passage  2008  60 individuals  unknown  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Siberian Crane Leucogeranus leucogeranus passage  2008  100 individuals  unknown  A1, A4i  Critically Endangered 
White-naped Crane Antigone vipio unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Hooded Crane Grus monacha unknown  2008  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Rufous-backed Bunting Emberiza jankowskii breeding  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2008  present  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Xianghai Nature Reserve 105,467 is identical to site 105,467  
Xianghai Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 105,467 is identical to site 105,467  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Grassland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Xianghai Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife