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Location China (mainland), Heilongjiang
Central coordinates 132o 34.00' East  45o 18.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 222,488 ha
Altitude 65 - 80m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve includes the northern part of Xingkai Hu (known as Lake Khanka in Russia), where the ratio of open water to wetlands is 5:1. The coniferous and broadleaf mixed forests by the lake shores are utilized by forest birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus unknown  2008  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri unknown  2008  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Northern Pintail Anas acuta passage  2008  4,000-5,000 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Bean Goose Anser fabalis unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Garganey Spatula querquedula unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Teal Anas crecca unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana unknown  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Chinese Egret Egretta eulophotes unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Steller's Sea-eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis unknown  2008  present  A1, A4i  Endangered 
White-naped Crane Antigone vipio unknown  2008  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  2008  30,000-100,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Xingkai Hu UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 222,488 is identical to site 222,488  
Xingkai Lake National Nature Reserve Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 444,976 is identical to site 222,488  
Xingkaihu Nature Reserve 222,488 is identical to site 222,488  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Other biodiversity The core area is the natural range of Nycterentes pyocyonoides and Ondatra zibethicus. Nationally protected plants include Pinus takahasii.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/08/2014

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