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Location China (mainland), Heilongjiang
Central coordinates 124o 12.00' East  47o 12.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 210,000 ha
Altitude 140 - 146m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Zhalong is located on the lower Wuyur He river, a tributary of the Nen Jiang river, 44 km from Qiqihar. The main habitat is marshland, and there are 228 pools and large areas of reedbed (80% of the total area). The open water is used by swimming birds, while the marshes are used by waders. The most serious threat to the nature reserve is over-exploitation of water resources for agriculture and oil mining.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Most of the plants in the area are herbaceous.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus passage  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri breeding  2008  present  A1, A4i  Critically Endangered 
Baikal Teal Sibirionetta formosa unknown  2008  present  A1  Least Concern 
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana breeding  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Near Threatened 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis breeding  2008  present  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Siberian Crane Leucogeranus leucogeranus passage  2008  present  A1, A4i  Critically Endangered 
White-naped Crane Antigone vipio breeding  2008  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Hooded Crane Grus monacha passage  2008  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Marsh Grassbird Locustella pryeri breeding  2008  present  A1  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2008  present  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Zha Long Nature Reserve 210,000 is identical to site 210,000  
Zhalong Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 210,000 is identical to site 210,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Zhalong Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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