|Location||China (mainland), Heilongjiang|
|Central coordinates||133o 40.00' East 47o 47.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Altitude||50 - 60m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Site description Located along the border of Tongjiang and Fuyuan counties. This was the first nature reserve established in the Sanjiang wetlands. The forest patches provide breeding sites for Ciconia boyciana.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus||unknown||1982-1983||200 individuals||unknown||A4i||Least Concern|
|Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana||unknown||1992-1999||60-180 individuals||unknown||A1, A4i||Endangered|
|Hooded Crane Grus monacha||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A4i||Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Honghe||Nature Reserve||21,835||is identical to site||21,836|
|Honghe National Nature Reserve||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||43,672||is identical to site||21,836|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Twenty-five mammal species have been recorded in the area, including seven that are nationally protected. Nationally protected plants include Phellodendron chinense, Fraxinus mandshurica and Juglans mandshurica.
Conservation response Established as a provincial-level nature reserve in 1984, upgraded to Honghe National Nature Reserve in 1996, and designated in 2002 as a ‘Wetland of International Importance’ (or Ramsar site) under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. There are no people resident in the reserve, and the biodiversity and natural environment are well preserved.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Honghe Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/05/2013
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