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Location China (mainland), Heilongjiang
Central coordinates 133o 40.00' East  47o 47.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 21,836 ha
Altitude 50 - 60m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located along the border of Tongjiang and Fuyuan counties. This was the first nature reserve established in the Sanjiang wetlands. The forest patches provide breeding sites for Ciconia boyciana.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Twenty-five mammal species have been recorded in the area, including seven that are nationally protected. Nationally protected plants include Phellodendron chinense, Fraxinus mandshurica and Juglans mandshurica.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri breeding  2008  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus breeding  1982-1983  200 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana breeding  1992-1999  60-180 individuals  unknown  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis breeding  2008  present  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Hooded Crane Grus monacha breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Honghe Nature Reserve 21,835 is identical to site 21,836  
Honghe National Nature Reserve Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 43,672 is identical to site 21,836  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Grassland   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Honghe Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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