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Location China (mainland), Heilongjiang
Central coordinates 134o 30.00' East  47o 54.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 198,100 ha
Altitude 34 - 239m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located along the border of Tongjiang and Fuyuan counties. Sanjiang Nature Reserve is an inland ox-bow lake wetland. The eastern part of this lake is located on the western bank of the Wusuli Jiang river (River Ussuri), and the western part of the lake is on the Yalu Jiang river.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Thirty-seven species of mammals have been recorded in the area, including 10 that are nationally protected including Panthera tigris altaia, Martes zibellina and Cervus nippon.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri breeding  2008  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Bean Goose Anser fabalis unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus breeding  1993  400 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus resident  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana breeding  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis breeding  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
White-naped Crane Antigone vipio breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
San Jiang National Nature Reserve Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 164,400 protected area contained by site 164,400  
Sanjiang Nature Reserve 198,100 is identical to site 198,100  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sanjiang Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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