|Location||China (mainland), Heilongjiang|
|Central coordinates||134o 30.00' East 47o 54.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Altitude||34 - 239m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Site description Located along the border of Tongjiang and Fuyuan counties. Sanjiang Nature Reserve is an inland ox-bow lake wetland. The eastern part of this lake is located on the western bank of the Wusuli Jiang river (River Ussuri), and the western part of the lake is on the Yalu Jiang river.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swan Goose Anser cygnoides||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Bean Goose Anser fabalis||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus||unknown||1993||400 individuals||unknown||A4i||Least Concern|
|Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-naped Crane Grus vipio||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis||unknown||2008||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|San Jiang National Nature Reserve||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||164,400||protected area contained by site||164,400|
|Sanjiang||Nature Reserve||198,100||is identical to site||198,100|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Thirty-seven species of mammals have been recorded in the area, including 10 that are nationally protected including Panthera tigris altaia, Martes zibellina and Cervus nippon.
Conservation response Established as a provincial-level nature reserve in 1994, and subsequently upgraded to a national nature reserve. The reserve was designated in 2002 as a ‘Wetland of International Importance’ (or Ramsar site) under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sanjiang Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/06/2013
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