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Location China (mainland), Heilongjiang
Central coordinates 128o 0.00' East  49o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 45,000 ha
Altitude 150 - 350m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in Xunke County. Xunbiela He is a tributary of the middle reaches of the Heilongjiang River, with a length of 279 km. The total area of the river basin is 15,738 km2.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected animals include Cervus elaphus, Alces alces, Selenarctos thibetanus, Ursus arctos, Felis lynx, Lutra lutra, Felis bengalensis and Lepus timidus. Important plants include Pinus koraisensis, Picea sp., Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica, Quercus mongolica and Fraxinus mandshurica. The IBA is a major spawning ground for fish Oncorhynchus spp.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus passage  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri breeding  2008  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Baikal Teal Sibirionetta formosa unknown  2008  present  A1  Least Concern 
Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus breeding  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana breeding  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Blakiston's Eagle-owl Bubo blakistoni resident  2008  present  A1  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Xunbielahe Nature Reserve 45,000 is identical to site 45,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Xunbiela He Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 27/11/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife