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Location Russia (European), Arkhangelsk region,Karelia Republic
Central coordinates 36o 4.25' East  64o 24.87' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3
Area 523,070 ha
Altitude 0 - 150m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description A number of islands along the western shore of Onega Bay in the White sea.

Key Biodiversity The area is a very important staging place for migrating C. cygnus, C. columbianus, B. bernicla, B. leucopsis and other geese and ducks, but no detailed information is available at the moment. It is certain this site meets criteria A4iii.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Eider Somateria mollissima non-breeding  1988  5,000-6,000 individuals  B1i  Near Threatened 
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea breeding  1996  13,500-14,000 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Razorbill Alca torda breeding  1995  2,750 breeding pairs  good  B1ii, B3  Near Threatened 
Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle resident  1995  2,100-2,200  good  B1ii, B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Islands in Onega Bay Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 3,600 protected area contained by site 3,600  
Kuzova Zakaznik 0 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Shuiostrovskiy Nature Sanctuary or Partial Reserve 10,000 protected area overlaps with site 3,306  
Sorokski Zakaznik 73,900 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland; Wooded tundra  20%
Grassland Tundra  5%
Sea Open Sea; Sea inlets and coastal features  50%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Coastline Shingle & stony beaches; Tidal rivers & enclosed tidal waters  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 10%
not utilised 90%
other 30%
tourism/recreation 10%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

References A.E.Cherenkov, V.Yu.Semashko, G.M.Tertitskiy, V.V.Bianki, T.Yu.Khokhlova.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Onega Bay of the White Sea. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife