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Location Russia (European), Arkhangelsk region
Central coordinates 35o 51.58' East  65o 4.95' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Area 125,330 ha
Altitude 0 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Site description The area is located on the northern edge of Onega bay, and forms a complex with Onezhskaya Guba in the White Sea.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Steller's Eider Polysticta stelleri non-breeding  1994  200-1,000 individuals  medium  A1, A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Common Eider Somateria mollissima breeding  1996  1,600-2,100 breeding pairs  good  B1i  Near Threatened 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula non-breeding  1994  700-1,000 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Mew Gull Larus canus breeding  1996  660-800 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea breeding  2006  5,000-12,500 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium not assessed negligible
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Some of site covered (10-49%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Solovetsky Historical Cultural and Natural Complex Historical - Natural Museum/Zapovednik 30,000 protected area contained by site 30,000  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Caretakers of Solovetskiye ostrova 2004


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Wooded tundra  50%
Grassland Tundra  -
Sea Open Sea; Sea inlets and coastal features  -
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Coastline Tidal rivers & enclosed tidal waters  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas  4%
Unknown   10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 80%
nature conservation and research 90%
tourism/recreation 30%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

References A.E.Cherenkov, V.Yu.Semashko, G.M.Tertitskiy.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Solovetski Archipelago and Zjizjginski island. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife