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Location Russia (European), Murmansk region
Central coordinates 33o 15.87' East  66o 43.37' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2
Area 220,500 ha
Altitude 0 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Site description Large bay with a rocky coastline and many islands and alluvial sand.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Eider Somateria mollissima breeding  1988  9,500 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i  Near Threatened 
Common Eider Somateria mollissima non-breeding  1988  10,000-12,000 individuals  B1i  Near Threatened 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula non-breeding  1988  10,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla breeding  1988  12 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle breeding  1988  300-500 breeding pairs  B1ii, B2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds non-breeding  1988  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kandalaksha Bay Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 208,000 protected area contains site 208,000  
Kandalakshsky Zapovednik 70,530 protected area overlaps with site 52,105  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Caretaker of Kandalakshski Zaliv 2004


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  80%
Grassland Humid grasslands  10%
Coastline Lagoons; Tidal rivers & enclosed tidal waters  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation -

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

References V.V.BiankiGrimmett, R.F., Jones, T.A., eds. (1989) !!Important Bird Areas in Europe. Cambridge, U.K.: International Council for Bird Presevation (Technical Publication N3), p.854.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kandalaksha Bay. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife