|Central coordinates||101o 57.00' East 6o 12.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Altitude||0 - 1,131m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The IBA comprises HRH Princess Sirindhorn Wildlife Sanctuary, commonly known as Pa Phru To Daeng, which includes the largest remaining peatswamp forest in Thailand. The site is located c.7 km from the east coast of peninsular Thailand, close to the international border with Malaysia. The peatswamp forest is developed on the site of a shallow inland sea that subsequently became a freshwater lake. While the topography of the eastern part of the site is characterised by a flat plain, the western part is dominated by a range of low mountains. The site supports approximately 7,870 ha of relatively undisturbed peatswamp forest, comprising primary and secondary peatswamp dominated by Melaleuca spp., shrub swamp, freshwater swamp forest and seasonally inundated forest. Characteristic species include Neesia malayana, Dacryodes incurvata, Alstonia spp., Koompassia malaccensis and Goniothalamus giganteus. Degraded swamp forest covers a further c. 6,800 ha of the site, and there is a small amount of forest dominated by Melaleuca cajuputi in the north. The site also supports a distinctive short sward vegetation community, which includes Eleocharis dulcis and Marcaranga spp. In 2001, HRH Princess Sirindhorn Wildlife Sanctuary was designated as a Ramsar Site.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus||unknown||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Chalerm Prakiat Somdej Prathep Ratsuda||Wildlife Sanctuary||20,120||is identical to site||20,100|
|Phu Pan Daeng||Wildlife Sanctuary||23,107||protected area contains site||20,100|
|Princess Sirindhorn Wildlife Sanctuary (Pru To Daeng Wildlife Sanctuary)||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||20,100||is identical to site||20,100|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Mammals Otter-civet Cynogale bennettii (EN) Flat-headed Cat Prionailurus planiceps (VU) Reptiles Spiny Turtle Heosemys spinosa (EN) Giant Asian Pond Turtle Heosemys grandis (VU) Black Marsh Turtle Siebenrockiella crassicollis (VU) Plants Dipterocarpus chartaceus (CR) Shorea roxburghii (EN) Intsia bijuga (VU) Mangifera pentandra (VU) Pholidocarpus macrocarpus (VU)
References Bird Conservation Society of Thailand Bulletin 18(11): 10-11 (November 2001). BirdLife International (1998) Proceedings of the Thailand IBA workshop, Bangkok, November 1998. Unpublished report. BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. Ramsar Bureau website http//: www.ramsar.org Round, P. D. (1988) Resident forest birds in Thailand: their status and conservation. Cambridge, UK: International Council for Bird Preservation. UNEP/World Conservation Monitoring Centre website http//:www.wcmc.org.uk/protected_areas Wildlife Conservation Division (2000) Basic data for wildlife sanctuaries in Thailand. Bangkok: Office of Natural Resources Conservation, Forestry Department.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chaloem Pra Kiet (Pa Phru to Daeng). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/08/2014
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