email a friend
printable version
Location Thailand, Krabi,Trang
Central coordinates 99o 22.00' East  7o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 20,000 ha
Altitude 80 - 650m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bird Conservation Society of Thailand

Site description The IBA encompasses Khao Nor Chuchi forest, which comprises Khao Pra-Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary (18,640 ha) and adjacent areas of lowland forest (c.1,360 ha). The site is centred on a low plateau at c.270 to 300 m asl. The plateau supports lowland evergreen forest, much of which has been selectively logged. The most important lowland forest habitat at the site, which now covers c.3,000 ha, lies along the foot of the western flank of the plateau, at 80 to 120 m asl. Many scattered human settlements and rubber, oil-palm and coffee plantations fringe and encroach the site.

Key Biodiversity  Khao Nor Chuchi is arguably the most important site in Thailand for the conservation of the bird community characteristic of lowland evergreen forest in the peninsula. The site supports one of the richest recorded lowland evergreen forest avifaunas of any site in the country, with over 90 species restricted to the Sundaic Lowland Forests (Biome 14). Of greatest significance, the site supports the last known population of the globally critical Gurney's Pitta Pitta gurneyi in Thailand. The species is endemic to peninsular Thailand and adjacent areas of Myanmar, and its range defines the Peninsular Thailand Lowland Forests Secondary Area. Since the rediscovery of the species at the site in 1986, the population has declined to just 10 to 13 pairs, as a result of clearance of level lowland forest. Several other globally threatened species occur at the site, including Plain-pouched Hornbill Aceros subruficollis, Blue-banded Kingfisher Alcedo euryzona and Wallace's Hawk Eagle Spizaetus nanus. In addition, 54 globally near-threatened species have been recorded at the site to date, of which three have not been recorded in recent years and are believed to be locally extinct: Ferruginous Partridge Caloperdix oculea, Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis and Helmeted Hornbill B. vigil. The site qualifies under criterion A3 because it supports 93 species restricted to the Sundaic Lowland Forests (Biome 14).

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals Bear Macaque Macaca arctoides (VU) Marbled Cat Pardofelis marmorata (VU) Asian Black Bear Ursus thibetanus (VU) Reptiles Spiny Turtle Heosemys spinosa (EN) Fish Betta simplex (VU) Plants Aquilaria malaccensis (VU)

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Wallace's Hawk-eagle Nisaetus nanus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Alcedo euryzona resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Plain-pouched Hornbill Rhyticeros subruficollis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Gurney's Pitta Pitta gurneyi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Khao Pra Bangkram Wildlife Sanctuary 12,024 protected area contained by site 12,024  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

References Bird Conservation Society of Thailand (2002) Gurney's Pitta recovery plan workshop, Bangkok. Unpublished report to the Bird Conservation Society of Thailand. Bird Conservation Society of Thailand Bulletin 11(6): 13-14 (April 1994). Bird Conservation Society of Thailand Bulletin 11(11): 12-13 (November 1994). BirdLife International (1998) Proceedings of the Thailand IBA workshop, Bangkok, November 1998. Unpublished report. BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. Round, P. D. (1988) Resident forest birds in Thailand: their status and conservation. Cambridge, UK: International Council for Bird Preservation. Round, P. D. and Treesucon, U. (1996) Birds of Khao Nor Chuchi: check-list and guide to bird finding. Bangkok: Bird Conservation Society of Thailand and Khao Nor Chuchi Lowland Forest Project. Sainara, S. (1999) Khao Nor Chu Chi: the last lowland terrestrial forest. Bangkok: Khao Nor Chu Chi Conservation and Forest Recovery Project, Biology Conservation Centre, Mahidol University. Wildlife Conservation Division (2000) Basic data for wildlife sanctuaries in Thailand. Bangkok: Office of Natural Resources Conservation, Forestry Department.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Khao Nor Chuchi. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife