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Location Thailand, Kanchanaburi,Tak
Central coordinates 98o 45.00' East  15o 25.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 364,720 ha
Altitude 100 - 1,811m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bird Conservation Society of Thailand

Site description The IBA comprises Thung Yai-Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary, one of the largest protected areas in mainland South-east Asia, which lies along the international border with Myanmar. The site is situated within the Western Forest Complex, and adjoins Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary (IBA TH024) to the north, Huai Kha Kaeng Wildlife Sanctuary (IBA TH026) to the east, and Khao Laem (IBA TH027), Lam Khlong Ngu and Sri Nakarind (IBA TH028) National Parks to the south. The topography of the site is generally hilly or mountainous, with numerous permanent rivers and streams dividing the site into valleys and ridges. Notably, the site also includes a large central grassland plain, as well as Doi Khao Yai, one of the highest mountains in western Thailand. The principal vegetation types are hill evergreen forest (c.54,900 ha), dry evergreen forest (c.112,900 ha), mixed deciduous forest (c.164,100 ha), deciduous dipterocarp forest (c.3,600 ha), savanna woodland (c.9,900 ha), grassland (c.3,900 ha), a small area of swamp forest, and some areas of shifting cultivation (c.15,400 ha). Hill evergreen forest occupies the higher elevations, while the more level areas at moderate elevations generally support semi-evergreen forest, mixed deciduous forest and bamboo. In 1991, Thung Yai-Naresuan, together with the adjacent Huai Kha Kaeng Wildlife Sanctuary (IBA TH026), was designated as a World Heritage Site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Alcedo euryzona resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Plain-pouched Hornbill Rhyticeros subruficollis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park 184,582 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Mae Wong National Park 89,041 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Thungyai - Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries World Heritage Site 577,464 protected area contains site 364,720  
Tung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary 369,166 protected area contains site 364,720  
Um-Phang Wildlife Sanctuary 248,915 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -
Grassland   -
Savanna   -

Other biodiversity Mammals Banteng Bos javanicus (EN) Asian Elephant Elephas maximus (EN) Tiger Panthera tigris (EN) Asian Tapir Tapirus indicus (EN) East Asian Porcupine Hystrix brachyura (VU) Northern Pig-tailed Macaque Macaca leonina (VU) Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus (VU) Gaur Bos frontalis (VU) Reptiles Elongated Tortoise Indotestudo elongata (EN) Fish Dwarf Botia Botia sidthimunki (CR) Schistura jarutanini (VU) Plants Parashorea stellata (CR) Anisoptera costata (EN) Dipterocarpus alatus (EN) Shorea roxburghii (EN) Endocomia canarioides (VU) Hopea odorata (VU) Knema austrosiamensis (VU)

References Bird Conservation Society of Thailand Bulletin 19(6): 13-16 (June 2002). BirdLife International (1998) Proceedings of the Thailand IBA workshop, Bangkok, November 1998. Unpublished report. BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, U.K.: BirdLife International. Chantraratien, R. et al. (2001) The Western Forest Complex: the largest forest in Thailand. Bangkok: Seub Nakhasathien Foundation. Chiang Mai University Biology Department (1989) Seminar on biology VII: biological diversity in Thailand. Chiang Mai: Chiang Mai University. Forestry Department (1989) Master plan for Thung Yai-Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary management, Tak, Kanchanaburi. Bangkok: Kasetsart University. Jariwatkavi, N. (1988) Ecology of Asian Tapir in Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary. Forestry Journal 7(3): 277-288. Nakhasathien, S. P. (1987) Forestry ecology and wildlife in Thung Yai-Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary. Bangkok: Duan Tula Printing. Phumiphakphan, N. (1983) Wildlife in Thung Yai-Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary. Forestry Journal 3(1): 1-85. Round, P. D. (1988) Resident forest birds in Thailand: their status and conservation. Cambridge, UK: International Council for Bird Preservation. Royal Forestry Department (2000) Inventory of wildlife sanctuaries in Thailand. Bangkok: Royal Forestry Department. Sukmasoung, R. (1993) Ecology of Asian wild elephant in Huai Kha Khaeng wildlife sanctuary, Uthaithani and Tak provinces. Masters thesis submitted to Kasetsart University. UNEP/World Conservation Monitoring Center website http// Wildlife Conservation Division (2000) Basic data for wildlife sanctuaries in Thailand. Bangkok: Office of Natural Resources Conservation, Forestry Department.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Thung Yai - Naresuan. Downloaded from on 30/09/2014

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