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Location Russia (European), Arkhangelsk region,Nenetski region
Central coordinates 59o 25.62' East  70o 2.33' North
IBA criteria A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Area 412,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 170m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Site description A large tundra island located just off the mainland, north of the Ural Mountains.

Key Biodiversity The northern third of the island is the most important for bird conservation.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bean Goose Anser fabalis breeding  1987  33,000 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons breeding  1984  100,000 breeding pairs  A3, A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis breeding  1987  2,500-3,000 breeding pairs  A3, A4i, B1i, B3  Least Concern 
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus breeding  75,000 breeding pairs  A3, A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis breeding  1987  20,000 breeding pairs  A3, A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Goosander Mergus merganser breeding  1987  2,500-3,000 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus breeding  1991  10 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus breeding  1991  5 breeding pairs  A3, B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Vaigachskiy Zakaznik 270,000 protected area contained by site 270,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Tundra  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 30%
hunting 100%
nature conservation and research 90%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

References T.V.Pleshak

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Vaygach island. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife