email a friend
printable version
Location Thailand, Chaiyaphum
Central coordinates 101o 37.00' East  16o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 156,000 ha
Altitude 250 - 1,375m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bird Conservation Society of Thailand

Site description The IBA comprises Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary in the Phetchabun range of north-eastern Thailand. The site adjoins Nam Nao National Park (IBA TH017) to the north, Ta Bao-Huai Yai Wildlife Sanctuary to the south-west and Tad Mok National Park to the west. The topography of the site is dominated by a large, steep-sided plateau at around 900 m asl, with some limestone outcrops. The vegetation at the site comprises mixed deciduous forest with smaller areas of semi-evergreen forest below 800 m asl, accounting for c.20% of the total area, and hill evergreen forest with semi-natural clearings at higher elevations, covering c.55% of the total area. Some agricultural encroachment has occurred at the site, promoting successional grassland and other secondary habitats, especially around Tung Kramong and Bung Pan. The lowlands in the Phrom basin at c.500-600 m asl, along the border with Nam Nao National Park (IBA TH017), have been partly inundated following the construction of the Chulabhorn dam.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Phu Khiew Wildlife Sanctuary 157,444 protected area contains site 156,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Dry deciduous forest (tropical)  97%
Grassland Secondary grassland  3%

Other biodiversity Mammals Hairy Rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis (CR) Asian Elephant Elephas maximus (EN) Tiger Panthera tigris (EN) Gaur Bos frontalis (VU) Southern Serow Capricornis sumatraensis (VU) Asian Golden Cat Catopuma temminckii (VU) Dhole Cuon alpinus (VU) East Asian Porcupine Hystrix brachyura (VU) Bear Macaque Macaca arctoides (VU) Northern Pig-tailed Macaque Macaca leonina (VU) Clouded Leopard Neofelis nebulosa (VU) Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus (VU) Bourret's Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus paradoxolophus (VU) Asian Black Bear Ursus thibetanus (VU) Reptiles Siamese Crocodile Crocodylus siamensis (CR) Big-headed Turtle Platysternon megacephalum (EN) Fish Puntius speleops (VU) Plants Afzelia xylocarpa (EN) Hopea ferrea (EN) Hopea odorata (VU)

References  BirdLife International (1998) Proceedings of the Thailand IBA workshop, Bangkok, November 1998. Unpublished report. BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. Kasetsart University Forestry Faculty (1989) Final report of the Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary management master plan. Unpublished report. Khob Khat, O. (1989) Birds in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary. Bangkok: Biology Conservation Center, Science Faculty, Mahidol University. Kreetiyutanot, K. and Horata, T. (1995) Species diversity, habitats and status of mammals and birds in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary, Chaiyaphum province. Bangkok: Kasamsri. Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary and Khon Kean University (1995) Integrated information system for the management of Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary. Unpublished report. Round, P. D. (1988) Resident forest birds in Thailand: their status and conservation. Cambridge, UK: International Council for Bird Preservation. Sanguanyat, N. (1997) Species diversity, habitats and status of birds in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary, Chaiyaphum province. Bangkok: Kasamsri. UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Center website http// Wildlife Conservation Division (2000) Basic data for wildlife sanctuaries in Thailand. Bangkok: Office of Natural Resources Conservation, Forestry Department.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Phu Khieo. Downloaded from on 25/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife