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Location Russia (European), Dagestan Republic
Central coordinates 46o 56.20' East  44o 35.72' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Area 122,200 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description Area located on the Caspian shore on the border of Dagestan and Kalmyk regions.In inventory 1995 RU172 and RU178 were identified as different IBAs. But by moment RU178 (Island) is below the Caspian sea level, so more carefull to merge Ru172 and Ru178 in one IBA (RU178 SHOULD BE DELETED FROM DATABASE).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Pintail Anas acuta winter  1975  32,600 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser passage  1975  30,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus winter  1975  3,000-4,000 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, B3  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus breeding  1996  70-100 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  1996  200-250 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus non-breeding  1997  32-50 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus breeding  1997  25-40 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla non-breeding  1990  101 individuals  A1  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra passage  1995  30,000-50,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Larus cachinnans breeding  1996  300-400 breeding pairs  good  B1i  Not Recognised 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida breeding  1996  100-150 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus breeding  1996  2,000-3,000 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  50,000-99,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1975  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2006 high near favourable low
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agriculture and aquaculture marine and freshwater aquaculture - industrial aquaculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Anser anser Greylag Goose 70 50 breeding pairs 72 near favourable
Cygnus olor Mute Swan 100 70 breeding pairs 70 near favourable
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican 10 10 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican 500 500 individuals 100 favourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dagestansky Zapovednik 19,061 protected area overlaps with site 18,485  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea Open Sea  90%
Grassland Humid grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  5%
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Coastline Mud flats & sand flats; Shingle & stony beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
fisheries/aquaculture 50%
hunting 60%
nature conservation and research 40%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

References E.V.Vilkov, A.I.Bliznuyk, G.S.Dzhamirzoev

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kizlyar Bay. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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