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Location Russia (European), Dagestan Republic
Central coordinates 47o 29.50' East  43o 44.32' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area 21,100 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Site description Area includes Agrakhansky bay and coastal lakes on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, north of Makhachkala. A long peninsula, jutting into the Caspian Sea, borders the Bay.

Key Biodiversity About 300000 ducks winter here and many other migrating species stopover. It is a particularly important site for waders, with tens of thousands stoping and feeding here on passage, especially C.alpina, C.alba and T.totanus, but no detailed counts have been made to date. The data on waders was compiled from single observations between 1983 and 1986.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  2006-2007  50-100 breeding pairs  poor  A1, B2  Near Threatened 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus breeding  2006-2007  10-15 breeding pairs  poor  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Vulnerable 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  2004  1,500 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus non-breeding  1990  150-1,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo non-breeding  2007  2,600 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  2006  100-150 breeding pairs  medium  B1i  Not Recognised 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola breeding  1997  50-70 breeding pairs  good  B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni breeding  2001  25-30 breeding pairs  good  A1  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2004  25,000 individuals  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium near favourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Sea   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Agrakhanskiy Zakaznik 39,000 protected area overlaps with site 12,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  30%
Coastline Mud flats & sand flats; Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 55%
hunting 30%
nature conservation and research 55%
urban/industrial/transport 1%
rangeland/pastureland 10%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

References E.V.Vilkov, G.S.Dzhamirzoev, V.S.Bogatov, A.O.Choubine

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan). Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife