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Location Russia (European), Kalmykiya Republic,Stavropolski kray
Central coordinates 42o 49.33' East  46o 14.98' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i
Area 84,800 ha
Altitude 12 - 14m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description The IBA is found in the deep depression located on the boundary of Stavropol region and Kalmykiya Republic.

Key Biodiversity Large numbers of waterfowl, including hundreds of thousands of geese and ducks, pass through the area (at night).All available data relates to the parts of the IBA falling within the Kalmyk Republic and Stavropol region. It is possible that another IBA will be identifed in the future covering the western part of the Manych lake system (Rostov region).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala unknown  2005  2,500 individuals  unknown  A1, A4i, B1i  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2006 high near favourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Branta ruficollis Red-breasted Goose 8000 7000 individuals 88 near favourable
Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck 30000 30000 individuals 100 favourable
Oxyura leucocephala White-headed Duck 3850 3850 individuals 100 favourable
Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill 525 520 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management planning has taken place  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Chernye Zemly Zapovednik 149,483 protected area overlaps with site 27,600  
Chernyje Zemli Zapovednik UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 532,901 protected area overlaps with site 30,600  
Lake Manych-Gudilo Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 112,600 protected area contains site 50,000  
Manychskiy Zakaznik 13,600 protected area overlaps with site 13,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting 40%
nature conservation and research 60%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

References A.I.Bliznyuk, S.E.Cherenkov, O. M. Bukreeva

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lake Manych-Gudilo. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife