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Location Peru, Huánuco,Pasco,Ucayali
Central coordinates 74o 27.00' West  10o 5.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 616,413 ha
Altitude 140 - 2,050m
Year of IBA assessment 2008





Site description La Reserva Comunal El Sira se encuentra ubicada en las provincias Puerto Inca (Huánuco), Oxapampa (Pasco), Atalaya y Coronel Portillo (Ucayali). Consiste en una serie de picos aislados localizados entre los ríos Ucayali, por el lado oriental, y Pachitea, por el lado occidental. La cadena montañosa de El Sira presenta una fisiografía determinada por diversos ecosistemas representativos de la selva baja y alta, con importantes bosques premontanos y montanos. La cordillera del Sira se encuentra rodeada por poblaciones de tres pueblos indígenas, donde cada pueblo hace uso del espacio que le corresponde de la cordillera: los Yaneshas y Asháninkas, de los valles del Pachitea y del Pichis, los Asháninkas y Shipibos-Conibos, en el valle del Alto Ucayali, y los Asháninkas, del Gran Pajonal. La población colindante a la Reserva Comunal El Sira es aproximadamente de 8.200 personas. Terborgh y Weske (1975) realizaron las primeras exploraciones ornitológicas de El Sira en 1969. La zona fue muy poco estudiada hasta años recientes en que se han realizado nuevas evaluaciones, como la de González (1999), en los bosques de la selva baja, y aquella realizada por una expedición británico-sueca, en colaboración con la ONG peruana ProAves Perú en los bosques montanos (Mee et al. 2000).

Key Biodiversity Entre las aves de El Sira, localidad que alberga más de 100 especies, destacan especies amenazadas y endémicas como Crax unicornis y Tangara phillipsi.

Non-bird biodiversity: No se dispone de información sobre otra fauna o flora amenazada.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Tinamou Tinamus osgoodi unknown  2008  unknown  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Pauxi unicornis resident  2003  present  A1, A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Koepcke's Hermit Phaethornis koepckeae unknown  2008  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-webbed Brilliant Heliodoxa branickii unknown  2008  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Cerulean-capped Manakin Lepidothrix coeruleocapilla resident  2003  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Fiery-throated Fruiteater Pipreola chlorolepidota unknown  2008  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Tschudi's Tyrannulet Zimmerius viridiflavus unknown  2008  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Buff-throated Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus rufigularis unknown  2008  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Creamy-bellied Antwren Herpsilochmus motacilloides unknown  2008  unknown  A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Peruvian Wren Cinnycerthia peruana unknown  2008  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-eared Solitaire Entomodestes leucotis resident  2003  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sira Tanager Tangara phillipsi resident  2003  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2008 high not assessed not assessed
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - persecution/control happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species habitat effects - gathering plants happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
El Sira Communal Reserve 616,413 is identical to site 616,413  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Montane broadleaf evergreen forest; Tropical lowland evergreen forest  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
fisheries/aquaculture major

Protection status La Reserva Comunal El Sira fue creada por D.S.No037- 2001-AG del 23.06.2001.

References Cano et al. (1996) GONZÁLEZ, M. O. (1999) Birds of the lowland forest of Cerros del Sira, central Peru. Cotinga 9: 57-61. INRENA (2003i) MEE, A., OHLSON, J., STEWART, I., WILSON, M., ÖRN, P. Y DIAZ, F. J. (2002) The Cerros del Sira revisited: birds of sub-montane and montane forest. Cotinga 18: 46-57. TERBORGH, J. Y WESKE, J. S. (1975) The role of competition in the distribution of Andean birds. Ecology 56: 562-576.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Reserva Comunal El Sira. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2014

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