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Location Azerbaijan, Baku
Central coordinates 50o 20.00' East  40o 28.00' North
IBA criteria B1i
Area 140,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Azerbaijan Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)

Site description The territory presents water area size of 150000 ha and includes two big islands - Pirallahy and Jilov, some small islands like Boyuk and Kichik Tava, Yal, Koltish, Gu, Garabatdag and a scores of different very small islands. The old oil platforms in the sea is very important place for breeding of different species of birds.

Key Biodiversity Breeding birds include Tadorna ferruginea, Porphyrio porphyrio, Larus cachinnans, Sterna hirundo and (unconfirmed) S. sandvicensis. Wintering area for 2,000-3,000 wildfowl, notably Cygnus cygnus, also Aythya fuligula, A. marila, A. ferina, Bucephala clangula and Fulica atra. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Circus macrourus (3-6 winter).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus winter  1996-2005  125-500 individuals  medium  B1i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation  -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  50%
Coastline Rock stacks and islets; Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting 50%
fisheries/aquaculture 30%
Notes: There is a farm of Hunting & Fishing Society. Local people use the motor boats for fishing.
urban/industrial/transport 60%
Notes: There are big oil fields on two islands (Pirallahi and Jilov) and a lot of oil derricks onshore and offshore. Both islands are inhabited. There is a base of oil and fish fleet at the dam of Pirallahi island.

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Absheron archipelago (north) and Pirallahi bay. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife