email a friend
printable version
Location Peru, Puno
Central coordinates 69o 17.00' West  14o 14.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 57,100 ha
Altitude 1,500 - 2,800m
Year of IBA assessment 2008





Site description Maruncunca se ubica al este de la ciudad de Sandia, a 10 km al suroeste del poblado de San Juan del Oro, a una altitud de 2.000 m. Esta zona está cercana al río Huari- Huari. El hábitat principal es bosque montano. Existen pocas familias establecidas en las cercanías del bosque, que están organizadas en una cooperativa para extraer madera selectivamente. Otros lugares cercanos donde la madera ya ha sido extraída, son usados para establecer pequeños cultivos y para pastoreo de ganado. La única evaluación ornitológica realizada en la zona fue llevada a cabo en 1980 por una expedición de la Louisiana State University (Schulenberg et al. 1980).

Key Biodiversity Se conocen 153 especies en aves de la zona, que incluyen especies globalmente amenazadas y endémicas tales como Nothocercus nigrocapillus, Lipaugus uropygialis, Zimmerius bolivianus, Myiophobus inornatus, Creurgops dentata y Tangara meyerdeschauenseei. No se dispone de datos sobre sus poblaciones.

Non-bird biodiversity: No se dispone de información.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eubucco versicolor unknown  2003  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Hooded Tinamou Nothocercus nigrocapillus unknown  2003  unknown  A3  Vulnerable 
Blue-banded Toucanet Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis unknown  2003  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Band-tailed Fruiteater Pipreola intermedia unknown  2003  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Scimitar-winged Piha Lipaugus uropygialis resident  2003  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Sclater's Tyrannulet Phyllomyias sclateri unknown  2003  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Hazel-fronted Pygmy-tyrant Pseudotriccus simplex resident  2003  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bolivian Tyrannulet Zimmerius bolivianus resident  2003  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Unadorned Flycatcher Myiophobus inornatus resident  2003  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Slaty Gnateater Conopophaga ardesiaca unknown  2003  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Antpitta Grallaria albigula resident  2003  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Peruvian Wren Cinnycerthia peruana unknown  2003  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-eared Solitaire Entomodestes leucotis unknown  2003  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Green-capped Tanager Tangara meyerdeschauenseei resident  2003  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Slaty Tanager Creurgops dentatus resident  2003  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rust-and-yellow Tanager Thlypopsis ruficeps unknown  2003  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 very high not assessed not assessed
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Montane broadleaf evergreen forest  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
other -
Notes: Estracción selectiva de madera. Existe una cooperativa y estan bajo la supervición del Ministerio de Agricultura.

Protection status El área carece de protección.

References Schulenberg, T., Binford, L. & Campos, L. 1980. Informe Ornitologico LSU: Departamento de Puno, Zona de Sandia.

SCHULENBERG, T. Y BINFORD, L. (1985) A new species of Tanager (Emberizidae: Thraupinae, Tangara) from southern Peru. Wilson Bull. 97: 413-420. WEGE, D. C. Y LONG A. J. (1995) Key areas for threatened birds in the Neotropics. Cambridge, Reino Unido: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series 5).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Maruncunca. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife