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Location Russia (European), Volgograd region
Central coordinates 46o 43.37' East  49o 10.58' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i
Area 148,797 ha
Altitude 0 - 69m
Year of IBA assessment 2000





Site description Large in the Europe salt-lake, which surrounded by semidesert lndscapes.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax breeding  1996  30 breeding pairs  good  A1  Near Threatened 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  1997  15,000-20,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus passage  1997  300 individuals  medium  B1i  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2007 high favourable medium
Habitat
-

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Grassland   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  medium 

Local conservation groups The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Caretakers of Ozero El'ton 2007
El'ton's school 2007

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing brackish and salt water  99%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  1%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 62%
other -
tourism/recreation -

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

References A. O. Choubine, V.F.Chernobai, E.N.Sokhina

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake El'ton. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife