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Location Nepal, Karnali
Central coordinates 82o 56.00' East  29o 26.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 355,500 ha
Altitude 2,200 - 6,883m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)



Site description Shey-Phoksundo National Park lies in the Dolpo and Mugu districts in north-west Nepal. A buffer zone in Dolpo is planned. The northern boundary, stretching from the mountain pass of Namja in the west to that of Marim in the east, borders on the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China. About one-third of the park is situated south of the Kanjiroba Himal (6883 m), and comprises extensive high altitude grasslands interspersed with forests and scrub below 4,000 m. There are forests of oak Quercus semecarpifolia and conifers Pinus wallichiana, Abies spectabilis and Picea smithiana, and mixed deciduous forests along the Suli Gad river. Betula utilis forest is common in the Jagdula Khola and Garpung Khola valleys. Higher up there are limited shrubberies of rhododendron and juniper Juniperus. North of the Kanjiroba Himal lie the undulating hills of the Tibetan plateau where the vegetation is typically trans-Himalayan, dominated by Caragana, Cotoneaster and dwarf junipers Juniperus spp. (Prieme and Oksnebjerg 1995).

Key Biodiversity The park was established for its trans-Himalayan habitats and wildlife. It is also important for its populations of Kashmir Nuthatch and White-throated Tit, two restricted-range species from the West Himalayan EBA. The globally threatened Wood Snipe has also been recorded in the breeding season. A total of 178 species has been found (Prieme and Oksnebjerg 1995), but the park is very under-recorded. There are large temperate forest and alpine zone areas that support significant populations of characteristic species of the Sino-Himalayan Temperate Forest and Eurasian High Montane biomes respectively.

Non-bird biodiversity: Several globally threatened mammal species are found here including Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus, Bharal Pseudois nayaur, Grey Wolf Canis lupus, Himalayan Musk Deer Moschus chrysogaster and Snow Leopard Uncia uncia. The park is especially important for the population of Snow Leopard and its prey species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Tibetan Snowcock Tetraogallus tibetanus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tibetan Partridge Perdix hodgsoniae resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis resident  2004  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola breeding  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Woodpigeon Columba hodgsonii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Woodpecker Dendrocopos himalayensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus breeding  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Coal Tit Parus ater unknown  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dark-grey Tit Parus rufonuchalis resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Tit Parus rubidiventris resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-crested Tit Parus dichrous unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Tit Aegithalos niveogularis resident  2004  common  A2  Least Concern 
Grey-sided Bush-warbler Cettia brunnifrons breeding  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tickell's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus affinis breeding  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax albogularis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Laughingthrush Garrulax lineatus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Laughingthrush Garrulax ocellatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Variegated Laughingthrush Garrulax variegatus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Shrike-babbler Pteruthius xanthochlorus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fulvetta Alcippe vinipectus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kashmir Nuthatch Sitta cashmirensis resident  2004  uncommon  A2  Least Concern 
White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Treecreeper Certhia himalayana resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis breeding  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Blue Robin Luscinia brunnea unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus caeruleocephala breeding  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hodgson's Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Redstart Phoenicurus schisticeps resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Redstart Hodgsonius phaenicuroides breeding  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-tailed Flycatcher Muscicapa ruficauda unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-backed Snowfinch Montifringilla blanfordi unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-streaked Accentor Prunella himalayana unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Robin Accentor Prunella rubeculoides resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus breeding  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Mountain-finch Leucosticte brandti resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus pulcherrimus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus rodochroa unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilloides breeding  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crimson-browed Finch Pinicola subhimachala unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2011 high unfavourable medium
Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Grassland   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Shey-Phoksundo National Park 355,500 is identical to site 355,500  
Shey-Phoksundo-Buffer Zone National Park - Buffer Zone 44,900 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -
Grassland   -

References Inskipp (1989a), Jackson (1979), Green (1993), Prieme and Oksnebjerg (1995), WWF Nepal Program (2000a,b), WWF Nepal Program (undated a).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Shey-Phoksundo National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/07/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife