email a friend
printable version
Location Nepal, Sagarmatha
Central coordinates 86o 48.00' East  27o 56.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 114,800 ha
Altitude 2,845 - 8,848m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)



Site description Sagarmatha National Park was gazetted in 1976 and lies in the Solu Khumbu district in northeastern Nepal. In 2002 the park’s buffer zone was declared. The park encompasses the upper catchment of the Dudh Koshi River system. It is enclosed by mountain ranges on all sides. The northern boundary is defined by the main divide of the Great Himalayan Range that forms the international border with the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China. In the south, the boundary extends almost as far as Monjo village on the Dudh Koshi river (Green 1993). The park is a spectacular mountainous area with three peaks above 8000m, including Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest), the highest peak in the world. Most of the park comprises barren land (69%) over 5000m; 28% is grazing land, and nearly 3% is forested (Sherpa 1985 in Green 1993). In the subalpine zone there are forests of Blue Pine Pinus wallichiana, Silver Fir Abies spectabilis, fir-juniper Juniperus recurva and birch-rhododendron forest (Betula utilis, Rhododendron campanulatum and R. campylocarpum). Higher up, in the lower alpine zone above the tree-line at 3800-4000 m there are shrubberies of Juniperus spp., Rhododendron anthopogon and R. lepidotum. Grassland and dwarf shrubs grow in the upper alpine zone from 4500 m to 5500m, and cushion plants from 5500m to 6000m. Oak Quercus semecarpifolia was formerly more extensive but only small areas now remain (Green 1993). Sagarmatha (‘Mother of the Universe’) and its surroundings are of international importance, representing a major stage of the Earth’s evolutionary history and one of the most geologically interesting regions in the world. Its scenic and wilderness values are outstanding. As an ecological unit, the Dudh Koshi catchment is of biological and socio-economic importance, as well as being of major cultural and religious significance.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Tibetan Snowcock Tetraogallus tibetanus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Tibetan Partridge Perdix hodgsoniae unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra breeding  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca passage  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis resident  1989  frequent  A3  Near Threatened 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus passage  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola breeding  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Darjeeling Woodpecker Dendrocopos darjellensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus breeding  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Gold-billed Magpie Urocissa flavirostris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Tit Parus rubidiventris resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-crested Tit Parus dichrous resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Nepal House-martin Delichon nipalense breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Black-browed Tit Aegithalos iouschistos unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-sided Bush-warbler Cettia brunnifrons breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Smoky Warbler Phylloscopus fuligiventer breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Tickell's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus affinis breeding  2004  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher breeding  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis breeding  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris breeding  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Laughingthrush Garrulax lineatus resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Laughingthrush Garrulax ocellatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Laughingthrush Garrulax affinis resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fulvetta Alcippe vinipectus resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Sibia Heterophasia capistrata resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Yuhina Yuhina occipitalis breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Fulvous Parrotbill Paradoxornis fulvifrons unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria breeding  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper Certhia nipalensis breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus breeding  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Blue Robin Luscinia brunnea unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Bush-robin Tarsiger chrysaeus breeding  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Bush-robin Tarsiger indicus breeding  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Redstart Phoenicurus schisticeps resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogastrus breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Grandala Grandala coelicolor resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda breeding  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Robin Accentor Prunella rubeculoides resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata breeding  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus breeding  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Carduelis spinoides resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Mountain-finch Leucosticte nemoricola resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Mountain-finch Leucosticte brandti resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Dark-breasted Rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis breeding  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus pulcherrimus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus rodochroa breeding  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-winged Rosefinch Carpodacus rodopeplus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus thura resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla resident  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus resident  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Crimson-browed Finch Pinicola subhimachala resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythrocephala resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sagarmartha National Park - Buffer Zone 27,500 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Sagarmatha National Park 114,800 is identical to site 114,800  
Sagarmatha National Park World Heritage Site 114,800 is identical to site 114,800  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -
Grassland   -

Other biodiversity Globally threatened mammals include Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus, Asiatic Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, Himalayan Tahr Hemitragus jemlahicus, Serow Capricornis sumatrensis, Himalayan Musk Deer Moschus chrysogaster and Red Panda Ailurus fulgens.

References Jefferies (1986), Inskipp (1989a), Green (1993), Nepal (1997), Inskipp and Inskipp (1998), WWF Nepal Program (2000a,b), Khadka (2003), Bajracharya (2004), Basnet (2004).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sagarmatha National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife