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Location Nepal, Narayani
Central coordinates 84o 20.00' East  27o 28.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 49,900 ha
Altitude 200 - 950m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)



Site description Parsa was set up in 1984 on the eastern side of Royal Chitwan National Park. The reserve encompasses part of the Churia hills and bhabar land. It has a subtropical monsoon climate but, due to the gravel and conglomerate soil composition, the ground is very porous and, as a result, there are many dry streams, ravines, and gullies. The reserve is dominated by Sal Shorea robusta forests throughout. Chir Pine Pinus roxburghii grows on the hills, and Sissoo Dalbergia sissoo and Khair Acacia catechu trees grow sparsely on the floodplains (Todd 2001).

Key Biodiversity Over 250 species have been reported from Parsa Wildlife Reserve (Todd 2001, Baral and Pradhan 1992). However, the reserve is very under-recorded and many more species are likely to be found. Four globally threatened and one near-threatened bird species occur , but like many other species in the reserve, their status is unknown. There are large areas of dry tropical forest that are likely to support significant populations of characteristic species of the Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone biome.

Non-bird biodiversity: The reserve provides excellent habitat for other wildlife. Globally threatened species include Tiger Panthera tigris, Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, Gaur Bos frontalis, Asian Wild Dog Cuon alpinus and Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  unknown  A1  Vulnerable 
Red-naped Ibis Pseudibis papillosa unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis resident  2004  rare  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris resident  2004  rare  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sirkeer Malkoha Taccocua leschenaultii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis resident  2004  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dinopium benghalense unknown  2004  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Lark Mirafra assamica unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-crowned Prinia Prinia cinereocapilla resident  2004  unknown  A1  Vulnerable 
Jungle Babbler Turdoides striata unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2011 high very unfavourable medium
Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Forest   0 0 poor (40-69%) moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable
Grassland   0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Parsa Wildlife Reserve 49,900 is identical to site 49,900  
Royal Chitwan National Park 93,200 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Grassland   -

References Inskipp (1989a), Baral and Pradhan (1992), Green (1993), Todd (2001).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Parsa Wildlife Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife