email a friend
printable version
Location Nepal, Koshi
Central coordinates 87o 0.00' East  27o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 150,000 ha
Altitude 435 - 8,463m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)



Site description Makalu Barun National Park lies in east Nepal bordering with Sagarmatha National Park in the west and the Arun river in the east. The core area covers 150,000ha and is surrounded by 83,000ha of buffer zone. The fifth highest mountain peak in the world, Makalu (8463 m) and the wild and comparatively uninhabited Barun valley lie in the park. Several large tributaries of the Arun River form important watersheds in the park. A wide range of vegetation is represented here in undisturbed form; even some of the steepest slopes of the mountain are vegetated. Sal forests reach their northern limit in Nepal along the banks of the Arun below 1000 m. Other forest types comprise subtropical broadleaved Castanopsis tribuloides, C. indica, C. hystrix, Schima wallichii, Alnus nepalensis; temperate Quercus lamellosa, Q. lineata, Acer campbellii, Magnolia campbellii and subalpine Abies spectabilis, Betula utilis, and shrubberies of Rhododendron spp. Vegetation in the alpine zone consists of herbs, grasses and shrubs of Rhododendron spp. (Shrestha 1989).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tibetan Snowcock Tetraogallus tibetanus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra resident  2004  uncommon [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola breeding  2004  uncommon [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Wood-pigeon Columba hodgsonii unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-headed Parakeet Psittacula himalayana unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-throated Barbet Megalaima franklinii unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-rumped Honeyguide Indicator xanthonotus resident  2004  uncommon [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Darjeeling Woodpecker Dendrocopos darjellensis unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Gold-billed Magpie Urocissa flavirostris unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Tit Parus rubidiventris resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-crested Tit Parus dichrous resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Nepal House-martin Delichon nipalense resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-browed Tit Aegithalos iouschistos unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hume's Lark Calandrella acutirostris unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Striated Prinia Prinia crinigera unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Bulbul Hypsipetes mcclellandii unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-headed Tesia Tesia castaneocoronata unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-bellied Tesia Tesia cyaniventer unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Aberrant Bush-warbler Cettia flavolivacea unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-sided Bush-warbler Cettia brunnifrons unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Smoky Warbler Phylloscopus fuligiventer unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tickell's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus affinis unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Warbler Phylloscopus xanthoschistos resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-vented Warbler Phylloscopus cantator passage  2004  uncommon [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Broad-billed Warbler Tickellia hodgsoni passage  2004  rare [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax albogularis resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Laughingthrush Garrulax lineatus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Scimitar-babbler Xiphirhynchus superciliaris resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Nepal Wren-babbler Pnoepyga immaculata passage  2004  frequent [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Rufous-throated Wren-babbler Spelaeornis caudatus resident  2004  uncommon [units unknown]  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Spotted Wren-babbler Spelaeornis formosus resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyris ruficeps resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-chinned Babbler Stachyris pyrrhops resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spiny Babbler Turdoides nipalensis resident  2004  frequent [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Laughingthrush Garrulax ocellatus resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-sided Laughingthrush Garrulax caerulatus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Laughingthrush Garrulax subunicolor unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Laughingthrush Garrulax affinis unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius rufiventer resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green Shrike-babbler Pteruthius xanthochlorus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hoary-throated Barwing Actinodura nipalensis resident  2004  frequent [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-breasted Fulvetta Alcippe chrysotis unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fulvetta Alcippe vinipectus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Nepal Fulvetta Alcippe nipalensis resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Sibia Heterophasia capistrata resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri resident  2004  rare [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Yuhina Yuhina occipitalis unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-chinned Yuhina Yuhina nigrimenta unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Great Parrotbill Conostoma oemodium unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Parrotbill Paradoxornis unicolor unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fulvous Parrotbill Paradoxornis fulvifrons unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper Certhia nipalensis unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Long-billed Thrush Zoothera monticola unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Cochoa Cochoa purpurea unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Gould's Shortwing Brachypteryx stellata unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Blue Robin Luscinia brunnea unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Bush-robin Tarsiger chrysaeus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Bush-robin Tarsiger indicus resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Bush-robin Tarsiger hyperythrus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus caeruleocephala unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hodgson's Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Redstart Phoenicurus schisticeps unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogastrus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Redstart Hodgsonius phaenicuroides unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Robin Cinclidium leucurum unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grandala Grandala coelicolor unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Rock-thrush Monticola cinclorhynchus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-backed Flycatcher Ficedula hodgsonii unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula monileger unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sapphire Flycatcher Ficedula sapphira unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum melanoxanthum unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla adamsi unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-streaked Accentor Prunella himalayana unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Robin Accentor Prunella rubeculoides unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Maroon-backed Accentor Prunella immaculata resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tibetan Serin Serinus thibetanus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Carduelis spinoides unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Mountain-finch Leucosticte nemoricola unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Mountain-finch Leucosticte brandti unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dark-breasted Rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus pulcherrimus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus rodochroa unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-winged Rosefinch Carpodacus rodopeplus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus thura unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilloides unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Crimson-browed Finch Pinicola subhimachala unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet Finch Haematospiza sipahi unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis resident  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythrocephala unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas affinis unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Gold-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Makalu-Barun National Park 15,000 is identical to site 150,000  
Makalu-Barun Conservation Area National Park - Buffer Zone 83,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Sagarmatha National Park 114,800 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Sagarmatha National Park World Heritage Site 114,800 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -
Grassland   -

Other biodiversity Globally threatened mammals reported to occur include the Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus, Himalayan Musk Deer Moschus chrysogaster and Red Panda Ailurus fulgens.

References Inskipp (1989a), Shrestha (1989), Cox (1999).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Makalu Barun National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife