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Location Nepal, Lumbini
Central coordinates 83o 17.00' East  27o 29.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 141,367 ha
Altitude 95 - 1,219m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)



Site description The farmlands of Rupandehi and Kapilvastu districts encompass a large rural area where agriculture is the main land use (68%) followed by forests which cover 21.6% of the area. There are plains in the south and dry bhabar and Churia Hills to the north. A number of perennial and seasonal rivers and streams including the Telar, Tinau, Sundi and Dano river systems flow through the area. The forest, scrub, wetlands and grasslands surrounding Lumbini (the birthplace of Lord Buddha) are an especially important refuge for wildlife.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus unknown  2004  frequent [units unknown]  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala non-breeding  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus non-breeding  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Red-naped Ibis Pseudibis papillosa unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Critically Endangered 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis resident  2004  uncommon [units unknown]  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris resident  2004  uncommon [units unknown]  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus passage  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Indian Spotted Eagle Aquila hastata resident  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus passage  2004  unknown [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sarus Crane Grus antigone resident  2004  common [units unknown]  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Lark Mirafra assamica unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Short-toed Lark Calandrella raytal unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy-crowned Sparrow-lark Eremopterix griseus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bristled Grassbird Chaetornis striata breeding  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Large Grey Babbler Turdoides malcolmi unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Jungle Babbler Turdoides striata unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicatus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis passage  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola winter  2004  unknown [units unknown]  A1  Endangered 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Other   major
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Other biodiversity Mammal species include the globally threatened Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus (which was introduced here), Smooth-coated Otter Lutrogale perspicallata and Striped Hyaena Hyaena hyaena. Other mammals include Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Bengal Fox Vulpes bengalensis, Yellow-throated Marten Martes flavigula, Chital Axis axis, Indian muntjac Muntiacus muntjak and Leopard Panthera pardus. There is a plan to reintroduce the globally threatened Blackbuck Antilope cervicapra.

Related state of the world's birds case studies

References Suwal and Shrestha (1988, 1992), Shrestha (1995, 1996), Bhandari (1998), Shrestha (1999), Suwal (1999a,b, 2002), Baral (2002), Inskipp (2004).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Farmlands in Lumbini area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife