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Location Nepal, Bagmati
Central coordinates 85o 38.00' East  28o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 171,000 ha
Altitude 1,300 - 7,245m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)



Site description Langtang National Park was designated in 1976 and lies in the central Himalayan region of Nepal; its southern boundary is as close as 32 km from the Kathmandu Valley. A buffer zone was declared in 1998. The National Park comprises rocks and ice (60.7%), forests (29.9%), grassland (4.9%), shrubland (2.8%) and cultivation (1.7%). A wide variety of habitats exist within the park. Tropical forest of Sal Shorea robusta covers 0.2 per cent of the park and subtropical forest of Schima wallichii/Castanopsis indica and Chir Pine Pinus roxburghii covers 2 per cent. Higher up lower temperate forests of Quercus lanata, Q. lamellosa and Pinus wallichiana cover 4.8 per cent of the park and upper temperate forests of Q. semecarpifolia (often with Tsuga dumosa) cover 9.9 per cent. The subalpine (21.5 per cent) and alpine (21.5 per cent) zones of the park are by far the most extensive. Subalpine forests are of Abies spectabilis, Betula utilis, Tsuga dumosa, Larix spp., Rhododendron spp., and Juniperus spp. (Green 1993). Larix is restricted to the subalpine area. There are pure rhododendron and mixed oak/rhododendron forests. Hemlock forests characterise the riparian floodplains along the river valley of the Langtang Khola. Higher up, Silver Fir and Blue Pine form large expanses of forests in places.

Key Biodiversity A total of 347 species has been recorded in the park (Karki and Thapa 2001, Giri and Choudhary 2003, Giri and Choudhary (in prep). Langtang is important for the globally threatened Wood Snipe which breeds, the near-threatened Satyr Tragopan and Yellow-rumped Honeyguide that are both resident and probably breed, and for Hoary-throated Barwing and Nepal Wren Babbler, two breeding restricted-range species that are both fairly common.. The park has the highest known density of Nepal Wren Babbler in Nepal. There are large temperate forest and alpine areas in the park, which are known to support significant populations of characteristic species of the Sino-Himalayan Temperate Forest and Eurasian High Montane biomes.

Non-bird biodiversity: A total of 46 species of mammals has been reported (Karki and Thapa 2001) including the globally threatened Red Panda Ailurus fulgens, Himalayan Tahr Hemitragus jemlahicus, Serow Capricornis sumatrensis, Assam Macaque Macaca assamensis, Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus and Himalayan Musk Deer Moschus chrysogaster (Hilton-Taylor 2000).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Tibetan Snowcock Tetraogallus tibetanus resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis resident  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Tibetan Partridge Perdix hodgsoniae unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra resident  2004  uncommon  A1  Near Threatened 
Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis resident  1989  frequent  A3  Near Threatened 
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus resident  2004  uncommon  A1  Critically Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus winter  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus passage  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga passage  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii breeding  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola resident  2004  uncommon  A1  Vulnerable 
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Woodpigeon Columba hodgsonii resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Megalaima franklinii resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Not Recognised 
Megalaima asiatica resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-rumped Honeyguide Indicator xanthonotus resident  2004  uncommon  A1  Near Threatened 
Darjeeling Woodpecker Dendrocopos darjellensis resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis resident  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris resident  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus resident  2004  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Jay Garrulus lanceolatus resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Gold-billed Magpie Urocissa flavirostris resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Tit Parus rubidiventris resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-crested Tit Parus dichrous resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Nepal House-martin Delichon nipalense resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-browed Tit Aegithalos iouschistos resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Hume's Lark Calandrella acutirostris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Striated Prinia Prinia crinigera resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Bulbul Hypsipetes mcclellandii resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-headed Tesia Tesia castaneocoronata resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-bellied Tesia Tesia cyaniventer breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Aberrant Bush-warbler Cettia flavolivacea breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Hume's Bush-warbler Cettia brunnescens unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-sided Bush-warbler Cettia brunnifrons resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Smoky Warbler Phylloscopus fuligiventer breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Tickell's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus affinis breeding  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Western Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus occipitalis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Warbler Phylloscopus xanthoschistos resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax albogularis resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Laughingthrush Garrulax lineatus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Scimitar-babbler Xiphirhynchus superciliaris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nepal Wren-babbler Pnoepyga immaculata resident  2004  frequent  A2  Least Concern 
Black-chinned Babbler Stachyris pyrrhops resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-chinned Laughingthrush Garrulax rufogularis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Laughingthrush Garrulax ocellatus resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Laughingthrush Garrulax subunicolor resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Variegated Laughingthrush Garrulax variegatus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Laughingthrush Garrulax affinis resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Shrike-babbler Pteruthius xanthochlorus resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Hoary-throated Barwing Actinodura nipalensis resident  2004  frequent  A2  Least Concern 
Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fulvetta Alcippe vinipectus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Nepal Fulvetta Alcippe nipalensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Sibia Heterophasia capistrata resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Yuhina Yuhina occipitalis resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Fulvous Parrotbill Paradoxornis fulvifrons resident  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper Certhia nipalensis resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Long-billed Thrush Zoothera monticola resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-backed Thrush Turdus kessleri unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gould's Shortwing Brachypteryx stellata breeding  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Blue Robin Luscinia brunnea breeding  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Bush-robin Tarsiger chrysaeus breeding  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Bush-robin Tarsiger indicus resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Bush-robin Tarsiger hyperythrus resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus caeruleocephala breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Redstart Phoenicurus schisticeps resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogastrus unknown  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Redstart Hodgsonius phaenicuroides breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Robin Cinclidium leucurum resident  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Grandala Grandala coelicolor resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis unknown  2004  present  A3  Vulnerable 
Blue-capped Rock-thrush Monticola cinclorhynchus breeding  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-tailed Flycatcher Muscicapa ruficauda breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris breeding  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae breeding  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
White-rumped Snowfinch Montifringilla taczanowskii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Robin Accentor Prunella rubeculoides resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata breeding  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus breeding  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Carduelis spinoides breeding  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Mountain-finch Leucosticte nemoricola resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Mountain-finch Leucosticte brandti unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dark-breasted Rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus pulcherrimus resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus rodochroa resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-winged Rosefinch Carpodacus rodopeplus resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus thura resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Crimson-browed Finch Pinicola subhimachala resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet Finch Haematospiza sipahi resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis resident  1989  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythrocephala resident  1989  common  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas affinis resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos resident  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes resident  1989  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Gold-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta resident  1989  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola passage  2004  rare  A1  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2011 high very unfavourable medium
Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Grassland   0 0 moderate (70-90%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Langtang National Park 171,000 is identical to site 171,000  
Langtang National Park - Buffer Zone 42,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -
Grassland   -

References Durham University Expedition (1977), Inskipp (1989a), Green (1993), Baral and Buckton (1997), Karki and Thapa (2001), Basynat (2004).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Langtang National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014

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