email a friend
printable version
Location Nepal, Mechi
Central coordinates 88o 8.00' East  27o 42.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 203,500 ha
Altitude 1,200 - 8,567m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)



Site description Kanchenjunga Conservation Area lies at the extreme northeastern corner of Nepal. It was designated in 1997 and is the newest of Nepal's protected areas. The Conservation Area supports many species of flora and fauna that are characteristic of the eastern Himalaya. The Qomolongma National Nature Reserve of China lies to the north and the Kanchenjunga National Park in Sikkim in India to the east. The Conservation Area comprises rocks and ice (64 per cent), forests (16.1 per cent), shrubland (10.1 per cent), grassland (9.2 per cent), agricultural land (0.5 per cent) and lake and landslide (0.1 per cent) (KCAP 2003 based on topo map 1978). Mount Kanchenjunga, the third highest mountain in the world (8586m), lies within the Area. There are four main river valleys: the Simbua Khola and the Ghunsa, Kabeli and Tamur. The vegetation ranges from subtropical to alpine. Subtropical vegetation comprises moist broadleaved forests of mixed Schima wallichii, Engelhardtia spicata etc, Schima wallichii/Castanopsis tribuloides and C. tribuloides/C. hystrix. In the temperate zone there are moist broadleaved forests of oak/laurel dominated by Quercus glauca, Q. lamellosa and C. tribuloides etc, Q. lamellosa forests, Q. semecarpifolia forests and mixed broadleaved/coniferous forests of Q. semecarpifolia/Tsuga dumosa/Abies spectabilis/Betula utilis/Rhododendron arboreum etc. The subalpine zone has a wide range of forest types: Tsuga dumosa/Abies spectabilis forest, Abies spectabilis forest, Larix griffithiana forest, Juniperus indica forest, Rhododendron forests and Betula forest. Vegetation in the alpine zone consists of scrub and meadows (Rastogi et al. 1997).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tibetan Snowcock Tetraogallus tibetanus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tibetan Partridge Perdix hodgsoniae unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra resident  2004  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola breeding  2004  unknown  A1  Vulnerable 
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Woodpigeon Columba hodgsonii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Megalaima asiatica unknown  2004  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Darjeeling Woodpecker Dendrocopos darjellensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Woodpecker Dendrocopos himalayensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gold-billed Magpie Urocissa flavirostris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Tit Parus rubidiventris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-crested Tit Parus dichrous unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nepal House-martin Delichon nipalense unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-browed Tit Aegithalos iouschistos unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Striated Prinia Prinia crinigera unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Bulbul Hypsipetes mcclellandii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-headed Tesia Tesia castaneocoronata unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-bellied Tesia Tesia cyaniventer unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Aberrant Bush-warbler Cettia flavolivacea unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hume's Bush-warbler Cettia brunnescens unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-sided Bush-warbler Cettia brunnifrons unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Smoky Warbler Phylloscopus fuligiventer unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tickell's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus affinis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Warbler Phylloscopus xanthoschistos unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax albogularis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Laughingthrush Garrulax lineatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Scimitar-babbler Xiphirhynchus superciliaris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spiny Babbler Turdoides nipalensis resident  2004  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Laughingthrush Garrulax ocellatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Laughingthrush Garrulax subunicolor unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Laughingthrush Garrulax affinis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Shrike-babbler Pteruthius xanthochlorus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hoary-throated Barwing Actinodura nipalensis resident  2004  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-breasted Fulvetta Alcippe chrysotis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fulvetta Alcippe vinipectus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Sibia Heterophasia capistrata unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Yuhina Yuhina occipitalis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fulvous Parrotbill Paradoxornis fulvifrons unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper Certhia nipalensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-billed Thrush Zoothera monticola unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Blue Robin Luscinia brunnea unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Bush-robin Tarsiger chrysaeus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Bush-robin Tarsiger indicus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Bush-robin Tarsiger hyperythrus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Redstart Phoenicurus schisticeps unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Rock-thrush Monticola cinclorhynchus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula monileger unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum melanoxanthum unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-backed Snowfinch Montifringilla blanfordi unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-streaked Accentor Prunella himalayana unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Robin Accentor Prunella rubeculoides unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maroon-backed Accentor Prunella immaculata unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Carduelis spinoides unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Mountain-finch Leucosticte nemoricola unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crimson Rosefinch Carpodacus rubescens unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dark-breasted Rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus pulcherrimus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus rodochroa unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-winged Rosefinch Carpodacus rodopeplus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus thura unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crimson-browed Finch Pinicola subhimachala unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet Finch Haematospiza sipahi unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythrocephala unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas affinis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gold-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kanchanjunga Conservation Area 203,500 is identical to site 203,500  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Grassland   -

Other biodiversity Globally threatened mammals include the Assam Macaque Macaca assamensis, Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus, Snow Leopard Uncia uncia, Himalayan Musk Deer Moschus chrysogaster, Serow Capricornis sumatraensis and Red Panda Ailurus fulgens.

Related state of the world's birds case studies

References Rastogi et al. (1997), WWF Nepal Program (2000a, b), KCAP (2003), WWF Nepal (undated b), BCN (in preparation).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kanchenjungha Conservation Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife