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Location Nepal, Seti
Central coordinates 80o 56.00' East  28o 41.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 5,000 ha
Altitude 200 - 250m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)



Site description The name Ghodaghodi is used here to cover all the other smaller wetlands in the nearby area including Nakhrodi lake. This wetland complex is situated in the far southwestern terai and the main lake's southern tip is bordered by the East-West Highway. This area is a key link between the Churia Hills and the terai plains, and also acts as a corridor connecting Royal Bardia National Park with the Royal Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve. Ghodaghodi lake is surrounded by subtropical broadleaved trees such as Sal Shorea robusta and Saj or Asna Terminalia alata. Other tree species include Amala Phyllanthus emblica, Mitho Neem Murraya koenigii, Kyamun Cleistocalyx operculata, Bael Aegle marmelos, Karma Adina cordifolia, Kusum Schleichera trijuga etc. Small patches of Phragmites karka grow in the shallower area of the lake. In other lakes, for example Nakhrodi, Bainsha trees Salix spp. are abundant.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca winter  2004  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  unknown  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster resident  2004  unknown  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis resident  2004  unknown  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris resident  2004  unknown  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Indian Spotted Eagle Clanga hastata unknown  2004  unknown  A1  Vulnerable 
Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sirkeer Malkoha Taccocua leschenaultii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dinopium benghalense unknown  2004  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Lark Mirafra assamica unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy-crowned Sparrow-lark Eremopterix griseus unknown  2004  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Jungle Babbler Turdoides striata unknown  2004  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ghodaghodi Lake Area Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 2,563 protected area contained by site 2,563  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Other biodiversity Most mammals have disappeared because of hunting and disturbance. Smooth-coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata, Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta, Hanuman Langur Semnopithecus entellus and Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus have been recorded in the area (IUCN Nepal 2004a). Other species recorded include the Data deficient Bengal Fox Vulpes bengalensis, Leopard Panthera pardus, Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Wild Boar Sus scrofa, Jungle Cat Felis chaus, Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus, Mongoose Herpestes edwardsii, Spotted Deer Axis axis and Indian Muntjac Muntiacus muntjac. A variety of reptiles including the Critically endangered Red-crowned Roofed Turtle Kachuga kachuga, Endangered Three-striped Roof Turtle Kachuga dhongka, Vulnerable Mugger Crocodile Crocodylus palustris and Asiatic Rock Python Python molurus are known to occur in the area.

References Baral (1992), Bhandari (1998), IUCN Nepal (2004a).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ghodaghodi Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife