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Location Nepal, Bheri,Lumbini,Rapti
Central coordinates 82o 25.00' East  28o 0.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 150,000 ha
Altitude 200 - 900m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)



Site description Sal Shorea robusta forest is the main vegetation type found here. Degraded grasslands occur along the Rapti River. Although the exact extent of remaining forest is unknown, the area may still retain a significant portion of Churia hill forests. The Rapti River flows through most of the lower Dang valley beneath the Churia range first on the northern side of the hills and then leaving the hills on the southern side.

Key Biodiversity Due to the general lack of ornithological surveys, bird life of this area remains very little known. Habitats, especially forests and wetlands, potentially support a good variety of birds. A proper survey in this area is needed, but because of the security situation this has not been feasible. A partial survey of vulture nests along the east west highway in 2003 found a total of 51 occupied White-rumped Vulture nests (Baral and Chaudhary 2003). Considering the number of known nests in the area and the available terrain, this IBA may hold the largest breeding population of the White-rumped Vultures in the country. There are large areas of dry tropical forests that are likely to support significant populations of characteristic species of the Indo-Malayan tropical dry zone biome. Dang’s subtropical forests may support significant populations of Sino-Himalayan subtropical forest biome.

Non-bird biodiversity: These forests are species-poor for mammals because of high hunting pressure and disturbance. Nothing is known about the status of herpetofauna and other vertebrates in this area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  uncommon  A1  Vulnerable 
Red-naped Ibis Pseudibis papillosa unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Falco chicquera unknown  2004  present  A3  Not Recognised 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis resident  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris resident  2004  uncommon  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus resident  2004  rare  A1  Critically Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus winter  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-headed Parakeet Psittacula himalayana unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sirkeer Malkoha Taccocua leschenaultii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Megalaima asiatica unknown  2004  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dinopium benghalense unknown  2004  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Cuckooshrike Coracina melanoptera unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy Minivet Pericrocotus roseus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Oriole Oriolus tenuirostris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Lark Mirafra assamica unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Short-toed Lark Calandrella raytal unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy-crowned Sparrow-lark Eremopterix griseus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Warbler Phylloscopus xanthoschistos unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-chinned Babbler Stachyris pyrrhops unknown  2004  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Jungle Babbler Turdoides striata unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-winged Starling Saroglossa spiloptera unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul unknown  2004  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Robin Cinclidium leucurum unknown  2004  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Rock-thrush Monticola cinclorhynchus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2011 medium near favourable low
Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Rara Lake Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 1,583 protected area contained by site 1,583  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -
Grassland   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dang Deukhuri foothill forests and west Rapti wetlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife