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Location Nepal, Bheri
Central coordinates 81o 28.00' East  28o 28.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 96,800 ha
Altitude 152 - 1,441m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)



Site description Royal Bardia National Park is situated in southwest Nepal, 396 km west of Kathmandu in the Bardia district of Bheri Zone. Much of the park is in the bhabar zone and consists of a broad alluvial plain that slopes gently away from the foothills of the Himalayan Churia Range in the northeast to India in the southwest. The Babai and Geruwa are two large rivers that flow into the park, the latter being a branch of the Karnali River. About 70% of the park is covered by sal Shorea robusta forest; there are also riverine forests of Khair Acacia catechu and Sissoo Dalbergia sissoo in the lowlands and Terminalia-Anogeissus deciduous forest and Chir Pine Pinus roxburghii forest in the hills. The other main habitats of the park are grassland and savannah.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Brown-headed Barbet Psilopogon zeylanicus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis resident  2004  rare  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca winter  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  frequent  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala breeding  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus resident  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Red-naped Ibis Pseudibis papillosa resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster resident  2004  frequent  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus winter  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla winter  2004  rare  A1  Least Concern 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis resident  2004  uncommon  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris resident  2004  uncommon  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus resident  2004  rare  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Spotted Eagle Clanga hastata unknown  2004  unknown  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga passage  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser Fish-eagle Icthyophaga humilis resident  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Grey-headed Fish-eagle Icthyophaga ichthyaetus resident  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis resident  2004  uncommon  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus breeding  2004  rare  A1, A3  Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone non-breeding  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Courser Cursorius coromandelicus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda non-breeding  2004  rare  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sirkeer Malkoha Taccocua leschenaultii resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Eagle-owl Bubo coromandus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis resident  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Megalaima asiatica resident  1989  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dinopium benghalense resident  1989  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-naped Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes festivus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Cuckooshrike Coracina melanoptera breeding  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy Minivet Pericrocotus roseus unknown  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Jay Garrulus lanceolatus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Lark Mirafra assamica resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy-crowned Sparrow-lark Eremopterix griseus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-crowned Prinia Prinia cinereocapilla resident  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Bulbul Alophoixus flaveolus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-rumped Grassbird Graminicola bengalensis resident  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Pale-footed Bush-warbler Cettia pallidipes resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Warbler Phylloscopus xanthoschistos resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-chinned Babbler Stachyris pyrrhops unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Striated Babbler Turdoides earlei resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Jungle Babbler Turdoides striata resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicatus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Stonechat Saxicola leucurus resident  1989  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Rock-thrush Monticola cinclorhynchus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-breasted Weaver Ploceus benghalensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Royal Bardia National Park 96,800 is identical to site 96,800  
Royal Bardia National Park - Buffer Zone 32,800 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Other biodiversity A total of 37 species of mammals has been recorded in the national park (Upreti 1994). Globally threatened species of wildlife include the Ganges River Dolphin Platanista gangetica, Asiatic Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, Smooth-coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata, Tiger Panthera tigris, Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, Barasingha Cervus duvauceli, Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus, Gharial Gavialis gangeticus and Mugger Crocodile Crocodylus palustris (Upreti 1994, Hilton-Taylor 2000). The Indian Rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis has been re-introduced from Chitwan and 50 individuals survive here (Shiva Raj Bhatta verbally 2000).

References Inskipp and Inskipp (1983), Dinerstein (1979, 1987), Bell (1987), Inskipp (1989a), Halliday and Baral (1992), Green (1993), Upreti (1994), Timilsina et al. (2000), WWF Nepal Program (2000a, b), Inskipp and Inskipp (2001b), Baral et al. (2002, 2003).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bardia National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/09/2014

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