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Location Nepal, Narayani
Central coordinates 84o 10.00' East  27o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 12,300 ha
Altitude 150 - 400m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)



Site description The Barandabhar forest ranges from 1.8-7 km in width and stretches from Royal Chitwan National Park in the south to the Mahabharat Range in the north. The forest south of the Mahendra Highway lies in the park's buffer zone. The forest area includes Sal Shorea robusta, riverine forest Trewia nudiflora, Bombax cebia, Mallotus philippensis, Dalbergia sissoo/Acacia catechu, mixed forest, shrubs and wetlands (streams, lakes, canals and water holes) (Adhikari et al. 2000, Dahal 2003). Bees Hazari Tal is a wetland lying within the forest corridor.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Brown-headed Barbet Psilopogon zeylanicus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca winter  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  frequent  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala breeding  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus non-breeding  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Red-naped Ibis Pseudibis papillosa unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster resident  2004  present  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus winter  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis resident  2004  unknown  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris resident  2004  unknown  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus non-breeding  2004  unknown  A1  Critically Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus winter  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Indian Spotted Eagle Clanga hastata unknown  2004  unknown  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser Fish-eagle Icthyophaga humilis non-breeding  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Grey-headed Fish-eagle Icthyophaga ichthyaetus resident  2004  frequent  A1  Near Threatened 
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus unknown  2004  present  A3  Endangered 
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda non-breeding  2004  rare  A1  Endangered 
Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sirkeer Malkoha Taccocua leschenaultii unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis resident  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dinopium benghalense unknown  2004  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Cuckooshrike Coracina melanoptera unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Lark Mirafra assamica unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Short-toed Lark Calandrella raytal unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy-crowned Sparrow-lark Eremopterix griseus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Jungle Babbler Turdoides striata unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum unknown  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Beeshazar and Associated Lakes Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 3,200 protected area contained by site 3,200  
Royal Chitwan National Park - Buffer Zone 75,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Forest   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Other biodiversity Little work has been done on other wildlife. The globally threatened Tiger Panthera tigris, Indian Rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis and Mugger Crocodile Crocodylus palustris have been recorded.

References Baral (1996), Adhikari et al. (2000), Dahal (2002, 2003).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Barandabhar forests and wetlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife