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Location Nepal, Dhawalagiri,Gandaki
Central coordinates 84o 0.00' East  28o 32.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 762,900 ha
Altitude 790 - 8,091m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)



Site description The Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) was set up in 1986 by the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation, (KMTNC), a national NGO. It is now the largest protected area in Nepal. The Area lies in central west Nepal around the Annapurna massifs. It includes one of the most impressive mountain cirques in the world, popularly known as the Annapurna Sanctuary which is surrounded by seven peaks over 7000 m. Annapurna I (8091 m), one of the world’s highest mountains, lies within the ACA and Dhaulagiri (8167 m) lies to the west of the area. At the lowest levels of the Conservation Area (about 1000m) there are subtropical forests of broadleaved Schima wallichii, Castanopsis indica, and on dry slopes forests of Chir Pine Pinus roxburghii; alder Alnus nepalensis mainly occurs along rivers and streams. Higher up, these forests are replaced by temperate forests of mixed broadleaves, including the oaks Quercus lamellosa, Q. lanata and Q. semecarpifolia with rhododendron species. In the wettest places, such as in the upper Modi Khola valley, grow bamboo jungles of Arundinaria species. Above these grow coniferous forests, mainly of fir Abies spectabilis, Blue Pine Pinus wallichiana and hemlock Tsuga dumosa. Higher up there are subalpine forests of birch Betula utilis, blue pine and juniper species. Finally rhododendron and juniper scrub grow in the alpine zone. The area to the north of the Himalayas is semi-desert and small, scattered bushes of Caragana species and juniper replace the forests. Biogeographically, the Himalayas can be divided into eastern and western sections. The dividing line between the east and west is the Kali Gandaki Valley that runs north/south through the Conservation Area. Since the late 1970s Pipar has been the site of a partnership between the World Pheasant Association and the villagers of Karuwa, who live closest to Pipar, because of the importance of the area for pheasants. A conservation plan for Pipar has recently been prepared jointly by the World Pheasant Association with the ACAP and Bird Conservation Nepal (McGowan 2004).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichi resident  2004  frequent [units unknown]  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa resident  1989  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tibetan Snowcock Tetraogallus tibetanus resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis resident  1989  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tibetan Partridge Perdix hodgsoniae resident  1989  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-throated Partridge Arborophila rufogularis resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra resident  2004  uncommon [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Koklass Pheasant Pucrasia macrolopha resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca passage  2004  uncommon [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  2004  uncommon [units unknown]  A1  Least Concern 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis resident  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris breeding  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Critically Endangered 
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus resident  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Critically Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus winter  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus passage  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga passage  2004  frequent [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus passage  2004  rare [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola breeding  1989  rare [units unknown]  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Wood-pigeon Columba hodgsonii resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-headed Parakeet Psittacula himalayana resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx maculatus unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-throated Barbet Megalaima franklinii resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-rumped Honeyguide Indicator xanthonotus resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Near Threatened 
Darjeeling Woodpecker Dendrocopos darjellensis resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Jay Garrulus lanceolatus resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Gold-billed Magpie Urocissa flavirostris resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Coal Tit Parus ater resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dark-grey Tit Parus rufonuchalis resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Tit Parus rubidiventris resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-crested Tit Parus dichrous resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Nepal House-martin Delichon nipalense resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Tit Aegithalos niveogularis winter  1989  rare [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Black-browed Tit Aegithalos iouschistos resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Tit-warbler Leptopoecile sophiae resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Striated Prinia Prinia crinigera resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Bulbul Hypsipetes mcclellandii resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-headed Tesia Tesia castaneocoronata resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-bellied Tesia Tesia cyaniventer resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Bush-warbler Cettia major breeding  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Aberrant Bush-warbler Cettia flavolivacea resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hume's Bush-warbler Cettia brunnescens breeding  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-sided Bush-warbler Cettia brunnifrons resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Smoky Warbler Phylloscopus fuligiventer breeding  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tickell's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus affinis resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris breeding  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Warbler Phylloscopus xanthoschistos resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax albogularis resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Laughingthrush Garrulax lineatus resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Himalayan Cutia Cutia nipalensis resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Scimitar-babbler Xiphirhynchus superciliaris resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Nepal Wren-babbler Pnoepyga immaculata resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyris ruficeps unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-chinned Babbler Stachyris pyrrhops resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spiny Babbler Turdoides nipalensis resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-chinned Laughingthrush Garrulax rufogularis resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Laughingthrush Garrulax ocellatus resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-sided Laughingthrush Garrulax caerulatus resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Garrulax squamatus resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Laughingthrush Garrulax subunicolor resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Variegated Laughingthrush Garrulax variegatus resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Laughingthrush Garrulax affinis resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius rufiventer resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green Shrike-babbler Pteruthius xanthochlorus resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hoary-throated Barwing Actinodura nipalensis resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-breasted Fulvetta Alcippe chrysotis resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea unknown  1989  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fulvetta Alcippe vinipectus resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Nepal Fulvetta Alcippe nipalensis resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectens unknown  2004  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Sibia Heterophasia capistrata resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Yuhina Yuhina occipitalis resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Great Parrotbill Conostoma oemodium resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Parrotbill Paradoxornis unicolor resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fulvous Parrotbill Paradoxornis fulvifrons resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Treecreeper Certhia himalayana resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper Certhia nipalensis resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Long-billed Thrush Zoothera monticola resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor breeding  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis breeding  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Blue Robin Luscinia brunnea breeding  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Bush-robin Tarsiger chrysaeus resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Bush-robin Tarsiger indicus resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Bush-robin Tarsiger hyperythrus resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus caeruleocephala resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Redstart Phoenicurus schisticeps resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Redstart Hodgsonius phaenicuroides breeding  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Robin Cinclidium leucurum resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grandala Grandala coelicolor unknown  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Rock-thrush Monticola cinclorhynchus breeding  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-tailed Flycatcher Muscicapa ruficauda breeding  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea breeding  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula monileger resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris breeding  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae breeding  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum melanoxanthum resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla adamsi resident  1989  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-rumped Snowfinch Montifringilla taczanowskii unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-backed Snowfinch Montifringilla blanfordi unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens unknown  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus breeding  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Carduelis spinoides resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Mountain-finch Leucosticte nemoricola resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spectacled Finch Callacanthis burtoni unknown  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Dark-breasted Rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus pulcherrimus resident  1989  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus rodochroa resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Vinaceous Rosefinch Carpodacus vinaceus unknown  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dark-rumped Rosefinch Carpodacus edwardsii unknown  2004  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-winged Rosefinch Carpodacus rodopeplus resident  2004  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus thura resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus unknown  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Crimson-browed Finch Pinicola subhimachala unknown  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet Finch Haematospiza sipahi resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis resident  1989  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythrocephala resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas affinis resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes resident  1989  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Gold-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta resident  1989  rare [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Annapurna Conservation Area 762,900 is identical to site 762,900  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Grassland   -

Other biodiversity A total of 101 mammal species has been recorded in the Conservation Area so far.. A large number of globally threatened mammals occur including Asiatic Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, Grey Wolf Canis lupus, Red Panda Ailurus fulgens, Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus, Common Otter Lutra lutra, Smooth-coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata, Clouded Leopard Neofelis nebulosa, Snow Leopard Uncia uncia, Himalayan Musk Deer Moschus chrysogaster, Wild Yak Bos grunniens, Himalayan Tahr Hemitragus jemlahicus, Serow Capricornis sumatraensis, Argali Ovis ammon and Chiru (or Tibetan Antelope) Pantholops hodgsonii (Hilton-Taylor 2000, Inskipp and Inskipp 2003). A total of 36 reptile species, including 11 lizards and 25 snakes, has been found, some as far north as the upper Mustang valley. Twenty amphibians have been recorded, all frogs and toads, and these are more or less restricted to the southern slopes.

References Thiollay (1979), Bunting and Wright (1985), Inskipp (1989a), de Roder (1989), Gurung (undated), Green (1993), King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation (1994, 1997, 2004, undated a,b), WWF Nepal Program (2000a, b), Suwal (2000), Inskipp and Inskipp (2001a), Inskipp and Inskipp (2003), Suwal (2003), McGowan (2004).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Annapurna Conservation Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014

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