|Location||Taiwan (China), Lianjiang (Fujian)|
|Central coordinates||120o 2.00' East 26o 13.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Altitude||0 - 50m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Extent of this site: includes Hsuangtsi Reef of Dongyin Village; Sanlian Islet, Middle Island, Tiejian Island, Baimiao, and Jin Islet of Beigan Village; Liuchuan Reef of Nangan Village; and Sheshan of Chuguang Village including the marine area extending 100 m out from the low tidal line. The Matsu Islands are primarily composed of granite, and many of the islands are uninhabited. The geography and climate are not conducive for agriculture here. For example, there are no mountains sheltering the land, so winds are very strong year round. The annual average temperature is 19°C, and the annual precipitation is less than 1,000 mm. Therefore, the natural condition is not advantaged to agricultural development. However, Matsu has very special geographic location, southwest of the Danshan Archipelago of Mainland China. It is also located near the convergence of cold and warm ocean currents, so the fishery resources are abundant. For these reasons, tens of thousands of birds migrate through, winter, and breed here.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Chinese Egret Egretta eulophotes||winter||2001||unknown||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Chinese Crested Tern Thalasseus bernsteini||breeding||2000||8 individuals||good||A1, A4i||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii||breeding||1997||4,190 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii||breeding||2001||800-2,200 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Black-naped Tern Sterna sumatrana||breeding||2001||250 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus||breeding||2001||3,300 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Matsu Island Term||Wildlife Refuge||72||is identical to site||72|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity • More than 500 native plants can be found in this area. Some endemic plants, ex: Lycoris radiata, Lilium sp., Pyrus sp., Chionauthus retusus var Serrulatus.
Protection status PA
References • Matsu Islands Tern Refuge. Lianjiang County Government, Fujian Province. Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan. • Lee, J. Y. 2000. Butterflies of Matsu Islands. Lianjiang County Government, Fujian Province. • Matsu Islands Tern Refuge Website: http://wagner.zo.ntu.edu.tw/protect/matzu/ • WBFT. Bird Database.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Matsu (Mazu) Islands Tern Refuge. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/11/2014
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