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Location Russia (European), Dagestan Republic
Central coordinates 48o 30.63' East  41o 51.50' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B3
Area 10,100 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2007





Site description Mouth of Samur river located on the south of Dagestan Republic, near the border with Azerbaidzhan. This area includes reedbeds in the Samur river mouth and its associated channels as well as is the largest part of the only remaining dry subtropical forests along the Caspian cost.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius passage  1985  17-100 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i  Critically Endangered 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia passage  1997  54-200 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos breeding  1989  500-1,500 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2006 high very unfavourable negligible
Population
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck 100 12 individuals 12 very unfavourable
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican 150 100 individuals 67 unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Samurskiy Zakaznik 11,200 protected area overlaps with site 7,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  90%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  5%
Coastline Mud flats & sand flats; Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 2%
forestry 95%
nature conservation and research 100%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

References G.S.Dzhamirzoev, E.A.Lebedeva

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mouth of Samur river. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife