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Location Russia (European), Dagestan Republic
Central coordinates 48o 30.00' East  41o 52.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B3
Area 10,100 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description Mouth of Samur river located on the south of Dagestan Republic, near the border with Azerbaidzhan. This area includes reedbeds in the Samur river mouth and its associated channels as well as is the largest part of the only remaining dry subtropical forests along the Caspian cost.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius passage  1985  17-100 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i  Critically Endangered 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia passage  1997  54-200 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos breeding  1989  500-1,500 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Samurskiy Zakaznik 11,200 protected area overlaps with site 7,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  90%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  5%
Coastline Mud flats & sand flats; Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 2%
forestry 95%
nature conservation and research 100%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

Related state of the world's birds case studies

References G.S.Dzhamirzoev, E.A.Lebedeva

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mouth of Samur river. Downloaded from on 25/10/2014

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