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Location Taiwan (China), Kinmen (Fujian)
Central coordinates 118o 24.00' East  24o 27.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 3,780 ha
Altitude 0 - 12m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Chinese Wild Bird Federation

Site description Extent of this site: including the central, northwestern, southwestern, and northeastern parts of the Kinmen Island and the perimeter road of Lieyu. This area is divided into the 5 districts, including Taiwushan, Guningtou, Gugang, Mashan, and Lieyu. The climate is typical continental insular type with annual precipitation of 986.9 mm. Tsihu is located between Huhsia, Nanshan and Hsiputou of Chinning Village. Originally it was an outlet of Hsuangli Lake. Between 1969 and 1970, it was dammed and became a lake. Currently it is the ecological protection area of Kinmen National Park and includes fish ponds, reservoirs, swamps, windbreak forests, and farms to the east of Hsuangli Lake and Tsiti and to the west of Hsiputou. Except for some public lands, leased fields, and private lands, most of the land here belongs to the central government. Tsihu is the main habitat for birds of Kinmen; the Chinese Otter Lutra lutra chinensis is also active here. The diverse ecological environments in the intertidal zone outside the dam and around the lake support many organisms. Taihu located in front of Hsihong Village and east of Hsinshih neighborhood of Chinhu Township is the biggest freshwater reservoir in Kinmen with the area of 36 ha. The small islands in Taihu and Little Taihu, which is close to Kinmen Vocational School, are the main habitats for Great Cormorant. Lingshui Lake is an important bird habitat of Lieyu (or Little Kinmen). Cormorants usually roost in the windbreak forest near the coastal highway and the abandoned fishponds. The best spots for bird-watching are the reeds, woods, farms, fish ponds in the lake and the intertidal zone of the west coast.

Key Biodiversity IBA A1 criterion species: Black-faced Spoonbill, Saunders’s Gull • In 1995, a maximum of 16 Black-faced Spoonbills was recorded. • A maximum of 114 Saunders’s Gulls was recorded in November 1999. IBA A4i Criterion Species: Great Cormorant. • The main areas where Great Cormorants usually winter include Tsihu, Taihu and Lingshui Lake. Tsihu are a stable 1,500-3,000 birds. At Taihu and Linshui Lake 50-200 birds are regularly seen. Date 1997 Oct. 1994 Apr. 1995 Jan. 1995 Dec. 1996 Dec. 1997 Mar. 1998 Jan. 1999 Mar. 1999 Nov. 2000 Feb. 2000 Dec. No. of GC 296 600 2000 9999 4000 2166 3018 3000 4000 3600 5000 • Of the 275 species of the birds recorded here, 26 are protected. The following species have not been recorded in Taiwan: Magpie Robin, Blue-tailed Bee-Eater, Pied Kingfisher, Black-collared Starling and Hair-crested Drongo.

Non-bird biodiversity: • In addition to the diversified birds and butterflies, the endangered, protected mammal, the Chinese Otter can also be found on the island. Otters can be found in the primary water body in Kingmen, such as lakes, rivers, fish ponds, and natural ponds. The inhabitants also include unique living fossils such as the ancient crustacean Horseshoe Crab Tachyleus tridentatus and lancelets.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor winter  1995  16 individuals  good  A1  Endangered 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1993-2000  296-9,999 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Saunders's Gull Saundersilarus saundersi winter  1999  114 individuals  good  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kinmen National Park 3,780 is identical to site 3,780  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   major
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Forest   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 96%
Notes: Added based on Wild Bird Federation of Taiwan 2001. Important Bird Areas of Taiwan. Taipei:WBFT.
tourism/recreation 4%
Notes: Added based on Wild Bird Federation of Taiwan 2001. Important Bird Areas of Taiwan. Taipei:WBFT.

Protection status PA

References • Chen, H. A. 1990. Investigative research on bird ecology on Kinmen. Taiwan Wild Bird Information Association. • Kinmen County Government. 1992. Kinmen County Chronicle, Vol. 2. • Chuang, H. C. 1996. Investigative research on bird habitat and migration in Kinmen National Park. WBFT. • Kinmen National Park Administration. 1996. Proceedings of Seminar on Investigations and Practical Applications of Fauna in Kinmen National Park and the Surrounding Water Areas. • Chuang, H. C. 1996. Guide for Birdwatching in Kinmen. Kinmen National Park. • Wild Bird Society of Kinmen. 1997. Photographic Records and Studies of Bird Ecology in Kimnen National Park. • Li, Y. S. 1999. Biodiversity of Kinmen National Park. Association of National Parks. • Li, L. L. 1999. Investigation of mammals on Kinmen. Proceedings of the Seminar on the Conservation of Endemic Species Taiwan Endemic Species Research institute. • Wild Bird Society of Kinmen. 2000. Investigation of Chinese Otters in Kinmen National Park. • Kinmen National Park, Construction and Planning Administration, Ministry of Interior. Kinmen National Park Website:

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kinmen National Park. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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