email a friend
printable version
Location Taiwan (China), Kaohsiung,Pingtung
Central coordinates 120o 24.00' East  22o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 2,381 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Chinese Wild Bird Federation



Site description Extent of this site: The Kaoping River, also called the Lower Tanshui River, or Tanshui River, runs from Chishan to the Linyuan Industrial Area where it empties into the sea. It forms the boundary between Kaohsiung and Pingdung Counties, and this is the origin of its name. The Kaoping River is 170.9 km long, and its source is Yushan at an elevation of 3,997 m. The watershed encompasses 3,256.85 km2, and flows through 24 administrative districts of Kaohsiung and Pingdung. The Kaoping River is the second largest river in Taiwan. Abundant ecological resources can be found along the river. Lofty peaks and ridges of the high mountains and precipitous stream valleys are the characteristics of the upstream section where high-mountain birds can be found at the stream banks. When the river reaches the middle section, the river valleys slowly broaden, forming several alluvial valleys which attract many mid-elevation birds that move about and feed. There are agricultural fields along much of the lower reaches to the estuary at the sea, and the banks are covered with dense growth of grasses which forms important shelter and habitats for many migrating birds as well as local resident species. Diversified wild birds can be observed at the estuary wetlands, tidally influenced flats, agricultural lands, and areas of flowing water. Various bird species come to visit this site with the changes in tides, in the climate, and in the seasons.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor winter  1994  5 individuals  good  A1  Endangered 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  2000  1,200 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   major
Artificial - terrestrial   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 7%
Notes: Added based on Wild Bird Federation of Taiwan 2001. Important Bird Areas of Taiwan. Taipei:WBFT.
water management 87%
Notes: Added based on Wild Bird Federation of Taiwan 2001. Important Bird Areas of Taiwan. Taipei:WBFT.
not utilised 1%
Notes: Added based on Wild Bird Federation of Taiwan 2001. Important Bird Areas of Taiwan. Taipei:WBFT.
urban/industrial/transport 1%
Notes: Added based on Wild Bird Federation of Taiwan 2001. Important Bird Areas of Taiwan. Taipei:WBFT.
energy production and mining 1%
Notes: Added based on Wild Bird Federation of Taiwan 2001. Important Bird Areas of Taiwan. Taipei:WBFT.
other 5%
Notes: Added based on Wild Bird Federation of Taiwan 2001. Important Bird Areas of Taiwan. Taipei:WBFT.

Other biodiversity • Ecological investigations in the Kaoping River watershed have revealed 31 endemic freshwater fish in 26 genera and 12 families. • Numerous crab species of abundant quantity can be observed, including the commonly seen fiddler crabs Uca arcuata, U. lactea, and U. borealis, as well as other species like Helice formosensis, and many of the rare U. dussumieri and U. perplexa.

References • Lin, C. C. Topography of Taiwan. Taiwan Provincial Documents Council. • Chang, J. L. 1994. Bird resources of the Kaoping River Proceedings of the Coastal Wetlands Ecology and Conservation Conference. WBFT. • Chen, Z. D. 1997. Lakes and Reservoirs in Taiwan. National Institute for Compilation and Translation. • Department of Agricultural Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Department of Hydrantics & Ocean Engineering, National Cheng Kung University. A study of rainfall-runoff by Standford Watershed Model- Biological characteristics of alexandriumtamarense tki collected from Taiwan. • Ocean Research Institute, National Taiwan University. Local politics and public policy- case study of eliminating illegal fishponds from the upstream and downstream of the Hsuangyuan Bridge on the Kaoping River. • Public Executive Research Institute, National Chengchi University. Essentials of the construction plan of Meinung Reservoir precipitation in the watershed- Initial research on the analysis of Direct-flow Model System. • Department of Hydrantics & Ocean Engineering, National Cheng Kung University. A study of rainfall-runoff by Standford Watershed Model- Research on indicators of wastewater from domestic sources and pig farms. Department and Graduate Institute of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University. • Wetlands Taiwan. 1999. Instructive Manual of the Coastal Wetlands of Southwestern Taiwan.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kaoping River. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife