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Location Taiwan (China), Kaohsiung
Central coordinates 120o 23.00' East  22o 32.00' North
IBA criteria A4i
Area 319 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Chinese Wild Bird Federation

Site description Extent of this site: Fengshan (or Phoenix Mt. in Chinese) Reservoir is situated at Chihkan Mt. of Daliao Village, Kaohsiung County, adjacent to the Coastal Highway. This area is within the Taiwan Provincial Water Company 7 Division, which provides public water supply principally for industrial use. The area for water resource conservation is 275 ha, extending to Linyuan and Daliao Village of Kaohsiung County and Hsiaogang District of Kaohsiung City. The area of the reservoir is 7.47 ha, and holds up to 8.7 million tons of water.

Key Biodiversity IBA A4i criterion species: Great Cormorant (GC): Date Jan. 1988 Jan. 1992 Jan. 1994 Jan. 1995 Nov. 1996 Mar. 1997 Feb. 1998 Nov. 1999 Dec. 2000 No. of GC 50 19 30 300 30 472 500 1578 1261 • At this site, 116 species have been recorded roosting like the Green-backed Heron, Little Egret, Black-crowned Night Heron, and Cattle Egret. Protected species include Osprey, Melodious Laughing Thrush, Emerald Dove, and Brown Shrike.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1988-2000  19-1,578 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   major
Artificial - terrestrial   minor

References • Chang, H. W. 1993. Proceedings of the Fourth Environmental Policy and Administration conference. Public Affairs Institute, Sun Yat-sen University. • Oh, R. U. 1998. Report on investigation results of the 1997 Great Cormorant Team. Chirrups No. 210. Kaohsiung Wild Bird Society. • Kaohsiung Wild Bird Society. 2000. Investigation research on feeding behavior of the Great Cormorant and its influences on aquaculture. Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan. In press.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Fengshan Reservoir. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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